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Publication . Article . 2009

The debate between use and cost of technology is on-going!

Jaydeep H Palep;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2009 Journal: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery, volume 15, issue 2, pages 179-179 (issn: 0972-9941, eissn: 1998-3921, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd

The term "robot" was coined by the Czech playright Karel Capek in 1921 in his play Rossom′s Universal Robots. The word "robot" is from the check word robota which means forced labor.The era of robots in surgery commenced in 1994 when the first AESOP (voice controlled camera holder) prototype robot was used clinically in 1993 and then marketed as the first surgical robot ever in 1994 by the US FDA. Since then many robot prototypes like the Endoassist (Armstrong Healthcare Ltd., High Wycombe, Buck, UK), FIPS endoarm (Karlsruhe Research Center, Karlsruhe, Germany) have been developed to add to the functions of the robot and try and increase its utility. Integrated Surgical Systems (now Intuitive Surgery, Inc.) redesigned the SRI Green Telepresence Surgery system and created the daVinci Surgical System ® classified as a master-slave surgical system. It uses true 3-D visualization and EndoWrist ® . It was approved by FDA in July 2000 for general laparoscopic surgery, in November 2002 for mitral valve repair surgery. The da Vinci robot is currently being used in various fields such as urology, general surgery, gynecology, cardio-thoracic, pediatric and ENT surgery. It provides several advantages to conventional laparoscopy such as 3D vision, motion scaling, intuitive movements, visual immersion and tremor filtration. The advent of robotics has increased the use of minimally invasive surgery among laparoscopically naοve surgeons and expanded the repertoire of experienced surgeons to include more advanced and complex reconstructions.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Surgery lcsh:RD1-811 lcsh:Diseases of the digestive system. Gastroenterology lcsh:RC799-869

Medical Subject Headings: technology, industry, and agriculture surgical procedures, operative

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Artificial intelligence business.industry business Robotic surgery Robotic assisted Karel computer.programming_language computer Surgery medicine.medical_specialty medicine Mitral valve repair medicine.medical_treatment Robot Invasive surgery Robotics Laparoscopic surgery


Invited Commentary, Robotic surgery, da Vinci surgery, Surgery, Review Article

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