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Publication . Article . 2020

Impact of Weather Conditions and Farming Systems on Size Distribution of Starch Granules and Flour Yield of Winter Wheat

I. Keres; Maarika Alaru; Liina Talgre; Anne Luik; Viacheslav Eremeev; Andres Sats; Ivi Jõudu; +2 Authors
Open Access
English
Published: 18 Jan 2020 Journal: Agriculture (issn: 2077-0472, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Country: Estonia
Abstract

The size distribution of wheat-grain starch granules has an impact on the yield of fine flour. The aim of the study was to compare the impact of conventional (mineral fertilizers, pesticides) and organic farming treatments (cover crops, composted cattle manure) on (i) the size distribution of starch granules, (ii) the level of the first break whole and fine flour yield. The grain samples of winter wheat cv Fredis were taken from a long-term field crop rotation experiment established in 2008 at the Estonian University of Life Sciences in Tartu County (58°

0.001) on the grain starch granule size distribution. The proportion of starch granules with a smaller diameter (C-type granules) was higher in years with a longer grain filling period. The size distribution of starch granules was not influenced by farming system. The increased proportion of C-type granules increased the fine flour yield significantly. Fertilisation with organic manure and twice with mineral nitrogen increased significantly the mean diameter value of different starch granules.

E) on Stagnic Luvisol soil. The weather conditions during the grain filling period of winter wheat had a strong impact (p <

N, 26°

40&prime

22&prime

Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: food and beverages fungi

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Pesticide Yield (wine) Animal science Intensive farming Manure Organic farming Winter wheat Cover crop Agriculture business.industry business Chemistry

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Agriculture (General) lcsh:S1-972

Subjects

organic, conventional farming, whole, fine flour yield, articles, Plant Science, Agronomy and Crop Science, Food Science, Food security, food quality and human health, Farm nutrient management

Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| VALORTECH
Project
VALORTECH
ERA Chair for Food (By-) Products Valorisation Technologies of the Estonian University of Life Sciences
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 810630
  • Funding stream: H2020 | CSA
Validated by funder
Related to Research communities
Rural Digital Europe
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