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Small business development, structural change and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: Tsatsenko, Natalia;

Small business development, structural change and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

This thesis covers four topics based on the intersection of the fields of entrepreneurship and development economics: (a) African small business development, including SME policies; (b) the process of structural change in Sub-Saharan Africa; (c) the special role of agriculture in modern African development; (d) relationship between institutions and entrepreneurship in developing and developed countries in the world. Chapter 1 introduces the research problem, the research framework, and the main strands of literature that served as the basis for this work, and then gives an overview of each chapter and its main conclusions. Chapter 2 deals with different aspects related to SME development in Sub-Saharan Africa and how SMEs could be embedded into the process of structural change using Ghana and South Africa as a case study. Chapter 3 deals with one of the directions of the economic development process in the Sub-Saharan African region and uncovers the questions about the importance of the agricultural sector in that region and the impact of climate change on crop yields. Chapter 4 provides new insight into the structural change process in Ghana over 1990 and 2018 by studying the pace and pattern, and also seeks answers to what sector plays a key driver of economic performance between 1990 and 2018 and how the direction and pattern of structural change in Ghana coincides with the overall trend in Africa. The evidence from Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 suggests that for sustainable economic development in the future for Africa, it needs to promote several sectors and not only one. Chapter 5 explores the relationship between formal institutions and entrepreneurship based on the sample of efficiency-driven countries (refer to developing) and innovation-driven countries (refer to developed). This chapter contributes to the existed literature by examining the entrepreneurial activities at early and mature stages which makes it possible to reveal how different quality of institutional dimensions have the different effect on a business that has started recently and a business that has existed for several years.

Keywords

Formal Institutions, Climate Change, Entwicklung kleiner Unternehmen, Reallokation von Arbeitskr��ften, Economic Growth, Landwirtschaft, Small Business, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Labor Productivity, Wirtschaftswachstum, Klimawandel, SME-Policy, Arbeitsproduktivit��t, Sub-Saharan Africa, Klein- und Mittelbetrieb, 330 Wirtschaft, Labor Reallocation, Entrepreneurship, Structural Change, Agriculture, Small Business Development, KMU-Politik, Afrika s��dlich der Sahara, Formelle Institutionen, Unternehmertum, Kleine und mittelst��ndische Unternehmen, Struktureller Wandel

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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