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https://doi.org/10.25159/2412-...
Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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From Scandinavian Missionary Activity to an African local Church: A History of the Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya (1955 to 2018)

Authors: Stephen Muoki Joshua;

From Scandinavian Missionary Activity to an African local Church: A History of the Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya (1955 to 2018)

Abstract

This article reconstructs the history of a Pentecostal denomination in Kenya that was established by Scandinavian missionaries from two missionary agencies, namely the Norwegian Pentecostal Mission (NPM) and Swedish Free Mission (SFM), during the early 1950s. It relies on oral narratives by early African clerics, missionaries and church leaders as well as archival materials such as minutes, correspondence and reports to argue that the 60-year history of the Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya (FPFK) may be periodised into three major epochs: the period of beginnings (1955–1984); the period of collaboration (1984–1996); and the period of nationalisation (1997–2018). It further contests that the present challenges for the church, such as the schism between Swedish and Norwegian sections, financial instability and the collapse of its national institutions, as well as an over emphasis on rural evangelism and a failure to penetrate the Kenyan urban life, are directly linked to its Scandinavian heritage.

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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Kenya media_common.quotation_subject Local church Evangelism Norwegian Financial instability language.human_language Political science language Ethnology Narrative Schism Period (music) media_common

Keywords

history of Scandinavian missions, post-colonial Kenya, Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya (FPFK), Forestry, Plant Science, nationalisation of churches, East Africa

Andhoga, Walter. Inuka Kanisa: FPFK National Project. Nairobi: FPFK, 2015.

Ayieye, Joseph and Vigdis Gjervoldstad. Church Leaders Seminar: Leadership FPFK Structure. FPFK, 2000.

Bosch, David. 1991. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Missions. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1991.

FPFK. Organizational Documents, the Constitution and Rules doc. 001. Nairobi: Uzima Center, 2001.

Hildebrandt, Jonathan. History of the Church in Africa: A Survey. London: Africa Christian Press, 1996.

Joshua, Stephen Muoki. “Towards Contextualization of Evangelical Theological Education: A Case Especially for the Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya.” Unpublished MA dissertation, Africa Nazarene University, 2005.

Joshua, Stephen Muoki. “The Interface between 'Missionary' and 'National' Theological Education in the Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya: A Historical Perspective.” Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae XXXII (3) (2006): 173-191.

Kitur, John. FPFK Celebrates its Golden Jubilee, the FPFK General Secretary's speech on 28.10.2005 at Thessalia Mission Centre, Report by FPFK General Secretary, 2005.

Pate, Larry and Lawrence Keys. “Emerging Missions in a Global Church.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research (2002): 156-65.

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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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