publication . Article . 2009

THE ECONOMIC FACTORS OF THE ‘ABBASID DECLINE DURING THE BUWAYHID RULE IN THE FOURTH/TENTH CENTURY

Udjang Tholib;
Open Access Arabic
  • Published: 01 Aug 2009 Journal: Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, volume 47, issue 2, pages 343-376
  • Publisher: State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga
Abstract
<p><em>The </em><em>‘</em><em>Abbasid caliphate in the fourth/tenth century suffered from a sharp economic decline. This was the result of several factors, mainly civil wars, the Zanj and Qarmatian revolts, political interference by the Turkish and Daylamite soldiers, military </em>iqta‘ <em>and the activity of the </em>‘ayyarun<em>. The civil wars had a destructive effect on the city of Baghdad and its citizens, ruined most of the land and caused a devaluation of </em>dirham <em>and </em>dinars<em>. The revolts of the Zanj and Qarmatians paralyzed trade in southern Iraq leading to a stagnation of currency and the banking system and a decrease in financial activ...
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free text keywords: General Arts and Humanities, lcsh:Islam, lcsh:BP1-253, Currency, Sociology, Devaluation, Economic decline, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Politics, Economic history, Law, Turkish, language.human_language, language, Caliphate, Looting
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