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HAL-Pasteur
Doctoral thesis . 2017
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Socio-spatial and environmental changes in the Gafsa mining basin (South-West of Tunisia) : contribution of geomatics tools

Authors: Salhi , Bilel;

Socio-spatial and environmental changes in the Gafsa mining basin (South-West of Tunisia) : contribution of geomatics tools

Abstract

Since the end of the 19th century, the mining area of Gafsa (south-west Tunisia) has specialized in the single-activity extraction and enrichment of phosphate for reasons of economic profits. With these exports, this area has suffered an intense degradation of soil resources, vegetation cover and an advanced deterioration of agricultural areas. The management of the mining infrastructure has failed to meet environmental standards, causing social and spatial inequalities and increasing the level of environmental risks.The mining activity was at the origin of the birth and genesis of the mining towns in the Basin of Gafsa (BMG). The formation of spontaneous cities has caused the disarticulation of the urbanization. Urban extensions, including the expansion of anarchic cities, extending to laundries and to mines, thus created conflicts with the phosphatier domain. All these factors make costly and complicated attempts at development and rehabilitation that mining companies do not dare to commit.Taking into account the complexity of the many social, spatial and environmental aspects of the BMG, we used both the classical geographical approach and the geomatics approach that seemed appropriate for better decision-making. The interest of this latter approach makes it possible to identify, analyze, and model the state of the sites, the urban and environmental mutations in relation to the spatial-mining growth.; Depuis la fin du 19ème siècle, l’espace minier de Gafsa (Sud-Ouest de Tunisie) s’est spécialisé dans la mono-activité de l’extraction et l’enrichissement du phosphate pour des raisons de profits économiques certains. Avec ces exportations, l’espace a subi une dégradation intense des ressources du sol, de la couverture végétale et une détérioration avancée des zones agricoles. La gestion des infrastructures minières n’a pas su répondre aux normes environnementales et a provoqué ainsi des inégalités sociales et spatiales et a accentué le niveau des risques environnementaux.L’activité minière a été à l’origine de la naissance et de la genèse des villes minières dans le Bassin Minier de Gafsa (BMG). La formation de cités spontanées a provoqué la désarticulation du tissu urbain. Les extensions urbaines notamment l’expansion des quartiers anarchiques, s’étendant vers les laveries et vers les mines, ont créé ainsi des conflits avec le domaine phosphatier. Tenant compte de la complexité des multiples aspects sociaux, spatiaux et environnementaux du BMG, nous avons utilisé à la fois l’approche géographique classique et l’approche géomatique qui nous a semblé appropriée pour aider à la prise de décision. L’intérêt de cette dernière approche permet d’identifier, d’analyser, et de modéliser l’état des lieux, les mutations urbaines et environnementales en relation avec la croissance spatiale-minière. Les principaux résultats permettent d’avoir une banque de données statistiques et cartographiques, à différentes échelles, pour une vision synthétique et une meilleure compréhension du BMG et de réaliser un modèle d’aide à la décision.

Country
France
Related Organizations
Keywords

Cartography, Tunisia, Cartographie, Télédétection, Ségrégation socio-spatiale, Modeling, Remote sensing, GIS, SIG, Mining Basin, Tunisie, [ SHS.GEO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Geography, Socio-spatial segregation, Modélisation, Inégalités environnementales, Environmental inequalities, Bassin Minier

2. Disparité et marginalisation de l'espace minier ………...……………………….…17..2..

3. Hiérarchie urbaine des villes minières………….....………………...……………17…4… Chapitre VII. Situation économique de la région minière de Gafsa 1. Exploitations minières et économie de la région …………………….………………. 184 2. Le secteur minier face aux autres secteurs économiques ……..……...…1…92..………… 1. Structure de la population active dans le BMG……………………………2…01……….

2. Chômage et crise opérationnel dans le Bassin Minier de Gafsa………..…20…7…….….. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………. 222 • La qualité de l'activité Occasionnel •Mentionnez.................................................................................................................................. • Ête-vsous en train de faire une activité occasionnel Oui Non

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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