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Publication . Master thesis . 2020

Communicating and interpreting machine intent

Oidekivi, Maarika;
Open Access
Estonian
Published: 01 Jan 2020
Publisher: Tartu Ülikool
Country: Estonia
Abstract
Robotite ning inimeste ruumi jagamiseks ning koostöö jaoks on vajalik omavaheline suhtlus. Roboti ja inimese vahelises suhtluses on tähtis nii masinapoolne inimese mõistmine kui ka see, et inimene mõistaks roboti poolt edastatut. Selleks on vaja, et robot suudaks end inimesele arusaadaval viisil selgeks teha. Käesoleva magistritöö eesmärgiks oli uurida erinevaid võimalusi roboti kavatsuse väljendamiseks ning selle raames koostati kirjanduse kokkuvõte erinevatest juba välja pakutud kavatsuse väljendamise variantidest, viidi läbi küsitlus Eesti inimeste seas, et analüüsida nende arusaamist masina kavatsusest ning loodi masina mudel, mida visualiseeriti simulatsioonikeskkonnas. Küsimustikust selgus, et Eesti inimesed ei pruugi masina poolt edastatavaid emotsioone mõista, kui kasutatakse ainult roboti silmi. Samuti selgus, et ilma eelnevate teadmisteta ei olnud inimesed võimelised sõidukite kavatsusi ära tundma, kui kasutuses olid LED-ribad või -ekraanid, projektsioonide puhul said inimesed sõiduki kavatsusest aru. In english: For humans and robots to share space and cooperate, it is necessary to communicate with each other. In the communication between a human and a robot it is important for the machine to understand the human and also for the human to understand the information transmitted by the robot. This requires, that the robot would be able to make itself clear to humans in an understandable way. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate different approaches to communicate the intent of a machine. During the master’s thesis, an overview of various options already proposed to express intent was given, a suvery was conducted among Estonian people to analyze their understanding of machine intent and a model of an autonomous car capable of communicating intent was proposed and visualised in a simulator. The survey revealed that Estonians may not understand the emotions of a machine if only robot’s eyes are used. It was also found that without prior knowledge, people were not able to understand vehicle intent when LED strips and displays were used, people recognized the intent when projections were used.
Subjects

automatiseerimine, robootika, tööstusrobootika, kavatsus, autonoomsed sõidukid, automation, robotics, industrial robotics, intent, autonomous vehicles, magistritööd

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