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Using the available indicators of potential biodiversity damage for Life Cycle Assessment on soybean crop according to Brazilian ecoregions

Authors: Garcia Lucas, Kassio R.; Anton, Assumpcio; Ventura, Mauricio Ursi; Pereira Andrade, Edilene; Ralisch, Ricardo;

Using the available indicators of potential biodiversity damage for Life Cycle Assessment on soybean crop according to Brazilian ecoregions

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the use of and suggest possible adjustments to indicators of biodiversity loss for LCA proposed by Chaudhary and Books (2018). For this, we analyzed soybean production in Brazil. Potential damage to biodiversity has been determined for all Brazilian ecoregions: the Amazon; the Atlantic forest; Caatinga; Cerrado; Pampas; and the Pantanal. Two dimensions of assessment were considered - global and regional - in addition to Average-country. An adjustment was proposed for the vulnerability coefficient to the indicators Average-country Brazil: the Regional Species Fragility Index (FI). Two inventories were created using two different functional units: area of production of soybean by ecoregion (year m2); and area corresponding to production of 1 kg of soybean (year m2). Thus, we observed that when the indicators of aggregate values were adopted, the Atlantic Forest was the ecoregion most affected by the crop. Regarding the assessments of the Potential Biodiversity Damage (BD) Global and Regional indicators, the Atlantic Forest and the Amazon were the ecoregions that suffered the highest impacts, mainly on plants, birds and amphibians taxa. Besides, the impacts at the global level were always more expressive than the regional ones. Due to this, we noticed that the results were influenced by the Vulnerability Score (VS). The suitability of the VS for FI is relevant and the adjustment in the equation can be suggested for other regions. Considering the results found here, to prevent regional impacts, technical measures such as extensive farming and crop rotation should be prioritized as impact mitigation actions. However, political measures tend to be more effective at geographic levels when addressing more than one ecoregion, due to the s

Country
Spain
Related Organizations
Keywords

Prioritization, Medicina ii, Biotecnología, Mitigation, Landuse change, Glycine max, Planejamento urbano e regional / demografia, Cultivation, Action plan, Ciências agrárias i, Nutrição, Amphibia, Crop rotation, Engenharias i, Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros, Ciencias sociales, Medicina veterinaria, Geociências, Land use change, Ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics, Geografía, Ecology, Engenharias ii, Biodiversidade, Pantanal, Forestry, Ecoregion, Cerrado, Ecoregions, Biodiversity, Química, Engenharias iv, Ecological impact, Decision Sciences (Miscellaneous),Ecology,Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics,Environmental Sciences, Characterization factors, Saúde coletiva, Damage, Ciência de alimentos, Atlantic forest, Ciências biológicas i, Crop production, Life cycle analysis, Brazil, Fragility index, Life cycle, Argentina, Amazonas [brazil], Crops, Medicina i, Pampas, Caatinga, Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo, Ciências ambientais, Geographics, Decision sciences (all), Engenharias iii, Interdisciplinar, General decision sciences, Damage detection, Decision sciences (miscellaneous), Biodiversity preservation, Environmental sciences, Antropologia / arqueologia, Brazilian biomes, Land use, Biodiversity loss, Soybean production, Ciências biológicas ii, Soybean, Sociología, Environmental indicator

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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