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Nutrition Education Programs Aimed at African Mothers of Infant Children: A Systematic Review

Authors: Jardi, Cristina; Casanova, Byron David; Arija, Victoria;

Nutrition Education Programs Aimed at African Mothers of Infant Children: A Systematic Review

Abstract

Background: Child malnutrition is a major epidemiological problem in developing countries, especially in African countries. Nutrition education for mothers can alleviate this malnutrition in their young children. The objective of this study was to make a systematic review to assess the effect of intervention programs in nutrition education for African mothers on the nutritional status of their infants. Methods: A bibliographic search was carried out in the PubMed database for clinical trials between November 2012 and 2021. The studies should contain educational programs to evaluate the impact on the infant's nutritional indicators in children under 5 years (food consumption, anthropometry and/or knowledge of nutrition in caretakers). Results: A total of 20 articles were selected, of which 53% evaluated infant's food consumption, 82% anthropometric measurements and 30% nutritional knowledge. In general, nutritional education programs are accredited with some significant improvements in food and nutrient consumption, knowledge and dietary practices in complementary feeding, but only those studies that implemented strategies in agriculture, educational workshops and supplementation obtained reductions in chronic malnutrition figures. Limitations: There is high heterogeneity in the articles included, since the intervention programs have different approaches. Conclusions: Programs that implemented actions of national agriculture or nutritional supplementation reap the greatest benefits in curbing infant malnutrition.

Country
Spain
Related Organizations
Keywords

Medicina ii, Biotecnología, Epidemiology, Ciências agrárias i, Nutrição, Review, Young-children, Dietary supplement, Nutritional status, Nutrition education, Educação física, Wasting underweight, Food intake, Medicina iii, Engenharias i, Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros, Child, Geociências, Child development, Stunting, Mother, Anthropometry, Geografía, Intervention study, Engenharias ii, Biodiversidade, Astronomia / física, Agriculture, Public health, environmental and occupational health, Química, Nutritional disorder, Nutritional assessment, Dietary supplements, Farmacia, Pollution, Attitude to health, Saúde coletiva, Health education, Child nutrition disorders, Caregivers, Educação, Maternal attitude, Materiais, Maternal care, Female, Ciências biológicas i, Ciência da computação, Human, Efficacy, Consumption, Child, preschool, Health, toxicology and mutagenesis, Mothers, Intervention, Complementary feeding, Odontología, Medicina i, Diet supplementation, Nutrition programs, Database, Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo, Ciências biológicas iii, Humans, Serviço social, Ciências ambientais, Food consumption, Environmental studies, Infant feeding, Dietary intake, Malnutrition, Education program, African, Infant, Enfermagem, Interdisciplinar, Child care, Feeding practices, Psicología, Diet, Environmental sciences, Ensino, Preschool child, Health belief model, Africa, Systematic review, Publication, Ciências biológicas ii, Environmental Sciences,Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis,Pollution,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health,Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Public, environmental & occupational health

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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