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2015
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Routing algorithm dedicated to environmental data collection: Precision agriculture

Authors: Chen, Y.;

Routing algorithm dedicated to environmental data collection: Precision agriculture

Abstract

The wireless sensor network (WSN) is one of the most important technologies of the 21st century. Most researchers and technical analysts believe that in the near future, these micro-sensors will be integrated into the environment of our daily lives. In recent years, the IoT (Internet of Things) and WoT (Web of Things) technologies also have great forwarding. Especially, the IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN) protocol has allowed the use of IPv6 protocol stack in the field of WSN, thanks to its encapsulation and compression mechanisms in IPv6 packet header. Moreover, the RPL (IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Network) provides such a powerful routing function that can be applied for a variety of application scenarios. These two key standards of IoT and WoT technologies for WSN can be used in an IPv6 stack, and they will successfully achieve the connection between Internet and micro-sensors. Thus, due to the availability of IPv6 address (128-bit), all the communicating objects, such as smart device, sensor, and actuator, can be connected to the Internet. That is the greatest advantage brought by the IoT. Although the progress of these techniques is extremely fast, several issues caused by resource constraints of micro-sensor (limited processing power, bandwidth and lossy connection link, and energy), such as QoS, energy efficient, robustness and lifetime of WSN, and the most important, the special requirement of agricultural applications. Notice that Precision Agriculture is are still very challenging and waiting to be solved. Essentially, these open questions would dabble in the aspects like telemedicine, remote home automation, industrial control etc. Thus, the results obtained in this work will have a significant impact on both economic and scientific. Economically, it can offer a solution for WSN to support sustainable development in the field of agriculture automation. While scientifically, we will contribute to the routing protocol standardization of wireless micro-sensors in the domain of environmental monitoring. / (trad auto)Le réseau de capteurs sans fil (WSN) est l'une des technologies les plus importantes du 21e siècle. La plupart des chercheurs et des analystes techniques croient que dans un proche avenir, ces microcapteurs seront intégrés dans l'environnement de notre vie quotidienne. Ces dernières années, les technologies IoT (Internet des objets) et WoT (Web of Things) ont également connu une grande diffusion. En particulier, le protocole IPv6 sur les réseaux personnels sans fil de faible puissance (6LoWPAN) a permis l'utilisation de la pile de protocoles IPv6 dans le domaine du WSN, grâce à ses mécanismes d'encapsulation et de compression en en-tête de paquet IPv6. De plus, le RPL (IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Network) offre une fonction de routage si puissante qu'elle peut être appliquée à divers scénarios d'application. Ces deux normes clés des technologies IoT et WoT pour WSN peuvent être utilisées dans une pile IPv6, et elles permettront de réaliser avec succès la connexion entre Internet et les microcapteurs. Ainsi, grâce à la disponibilité de l'adresse IPv6 (128 bits), tous les objets communicants, tels que l'appareil intelligent, le capteur et l'actionneur, peuvent être connectés à Internet. C'est le plus grand avantage apporté par l'IdO. Bien que les progrès de ces techniques soient extrêmement rapides, plusieurs problèmes sont causés par les contraintes de ressources du micro-capteur (puissance de traitement limitée, bande passante et perte de liaison de connexion, et énergie), comme la QoS, l'efficacité énergétique, la robustesse et la durée de vie du WSN, et le plus important, l'exigence particulière des applications agricoles. Notez que l'agriculture de précision est encore très difficile et attend d'être résolue. Essentiellement, ces questions ouvertes s'appliqueraient à des aspects tels que la télémédecine, la domotique à distance, le contrôle industriel, etc. Ainsi, les résultats obtenus dans ce travail auront un impact significatif tant sur le plan économique que scientifique. D'un point de vue économique, il peut offrir une solution au WSN pour soutenir le développement durable dans le domaine de l'automatisation de l'agriculture. Sur le plan scientifique, nous contribuerons à la normalisation des protocoles de routage des microcapteurs sans fil dans le domaine de la surveillance environnementale.

Keywords

6LoWPAN, RPL, PRECISION AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENTAL DATA, INTERNET DES OBJETS, ALGORITHME, RESEAU SANS FIL, DONNEE ENVIRONNEMENTALE, ALGORITHM, INTERNET, AGRICULTURE DE PRECISION, WSN, PROTOCOLE DE ROUTAGE

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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