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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Mark G, Kibblewhite; Sudhir, Prakash; Mridul, Hazarika; Paul J, Burgess; +1 Authors

    AbstractStrong growth in the demand for tea requires further increases in the productivity of plantations. Declining or stagnant yields are commonly observed in older plantations. Possible controlling factors for yield decline are reviewed including ageing of plants, chronic disease and sub‐optimal soil conditions such as excess soil acidity and low soil organic matter. Management options for addressing these factors are evaluated, including replanting. A systematic approach to decision‐making about replanting is presented. Practice for replanting is reviewed and it is concluded that evidence to support a general case for replanting is limited, unless based on the introduction of more productive clones and/or better plant spacing. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of the Scien...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    Article . 2014 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of the Scien...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
      Article . 2014 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ostovari, Yaser; Honarbakhsh, Afshin; Sangoony, Hamed; Zolfaghari, Farhad; +2 Authors

    Abstract To reverse the negative environmental properties effect on fertile lands for agriculture, land suitability evaluation is the first step in the designing the most sustainable land use and management systems. The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate a land suitability model for rapeseed farming using topography factors, soil data and remote sensing data in calcareous soils of semi-arid regions northwestern Iran. For this purpose, stratified random sampling was used to select a set of 92 soil samples of agricultural land use from 0 to 30 cm depth. For land suitability assessment, the opinions of 19 local experts were used to make a decision for the weight of topography, soil data and remote sensing data factors by an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) from multi-criteria analysis. The input data including climate, topography, soil and remote sensing data were included that are related to rapeseed production. The results indicate the highest specific weight belongs to the soil texture (0.341), calcium carbonate equivalent (0.171) and elevation (0.114), respectively. Land suitability evaluation based on the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization classification system indicated that 0.81% (420.8 ha) of the studied area was for high suitable (S1), 42.33% (21940.2 ha) was for moderately suitable (S2) and 11.78% (6104 ha) was for marginally suitable (S3) class. The 39.72% (20586.4) and 0.95% (492.1 ha) of studied area were located as currently not-suitable and permanently not-suitable for rapeseed productions, respectively.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ecological Indicator...arrow_drop_down
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    Ecological Indicators
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Cranfield CERES
    Article . 2019
    License: CC BY NC ND
    Data sources: Cranfield CERES
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Ecological Indicators
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ecological Indicator...arrow_drop_down
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      Ecological Indicators
      Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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      Cranfield CERES
      Article . 2019
      License: CC BY NC ND
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Ecological Indicators
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: M. I. Hossain; C. F. Curtis;

    AbstractBehaviour of two species of mosquitoes was studied by releasing them into a ‘tunnel’ of cages in which either deet or permethrin impregnated wide‐mesh cotton or nylon netting was stretched across the tunnel between the mosquito entry point and an animal bait.Di‐ethyl toluamide (deet) was found to be more effective in repelling Culex quinquefasciatus say when pieces of impregnated thick cotton netting were placed at a distance from the bait rather than close to the bait. Anopheles gambiae Giles was repelled at lower deet dosages than was Cx. quinquefasciatus. One impregnation remained effective for 7 weeks when the netting was impregnated with 25 ml per m2 held in still air in a room. When it was held in a plastic bag the ‘shelf life’ was at least one year.Permethrin impregnated nylon netting of 4 mm or 6 mm mesh‐size had a strong toxic and excito‐repellent effect on An. gambiae. However, the effects were much weaker when the mesh size was 13 mm. Permethrin impregnated 8 mm‐mesh thick, cotton netting offered very good protection against mosquitoes for at least 30 weeks. There was no marked difference in effectiveness between doses of 0.2 or 0.5 g/m2.RésuméEvaluation au laboratoire de l'efficacité contre les moustiques de filets à larges mailles imprégnés de deet et de permethrineLe comportement de deux espèces de moustiques a été examiné en les lâchant dans un tunnel formé par 6 cages successives dans lesquelles étaient tendus, entre l'entrée et un animal proie, des filets de coton ou de nylon imprégnés de deet ou de permethrine. La répulsion par le deet (di‐éthyl toluamide) s'est révélé plus efficace contre Culex quinquefasciatus avec les filets de coton tendus à une certaine distance de la proie plutôt qu'à proximité. Anopheles gambiae a été repoussé par des doses plus faibles de deet que C. quinquefasciatus. Une imprégnation du filet avec 25 ml/m2 est resté efficace pendant 7 semaines dans une pièce où l'air était calme. Conservé dans un emballage plastique la durée de conservation a été au moins d'un an.La permethrine imprégnant un filet de nylon de maille 4 à 6 mm a présenté un effet toxique et repulsif‐excitant très fort contre A. gambiae. L'effet a été beaucoup plus faible lorsque les mailles étaient de 18 mm. La permethrine, imprégnant un filet de coton de maille 8 mm, a fourni une très bonne protection contre les moustiques pendant au moins 30 semaines. Il n'y a pas eu de différences significatives entre des doses de 0,2 et 0,5 g/m2.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Entomologia Experime...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
    Article . 1989 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Entomologia Experime...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
      Article . 1989 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bosilj, Petra; Duckett, Tom; Cielniak, Grzegorz;

    Discriminating value crops from weeds is an important task in precision agriculture. In this paper, we propose a novel image processing pipeline based on attribute morphology for both the segmentation and classification tasks. The commonly used approaches for vegetation segmentation often rely on thresholding techniques which reach their decisions globally. By contrast, the proposed method works with connected components obtained by image threshold decomposition, which are naturally nested in a hierarchical structure called the max-tree, and various attributes calculated from these regions. Image segmentation is performed by attribute filtering, preserving or discarding the regions based on their attribute value and allowing for the decision to be reached locally. This segmentation method naturally selects a collection of foreground regions rather than pixels, and the same data structure used for segmentation can be further reused to provide the features for classification, which is realised in our experiments by a support vector machine (SVM). We apply our methods to normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) images, and demonstrate the performance of the pipeline on a dataset collected by the authors in an onion field, as well as a publicly available dataset for sugar beets. The results show that the proposed segmentation approach can segment the fine details of plant regions locally, in contrast to the state-of-the-art thresholding methods, while providing discriminative features which enable efficient and competitive classification rates for crop/weed discrimination. Highlights • Segmentation and classification pipeline fully relying on attribute morphology. • Strong locality of the approach avoids resulting foreground noise. • Segmentation outputs regions directly, avoiding the component labelling step. • Max-tree structure enables feature calculation during segmentation. • Competitive classification of plant regions into crop/weed for varying plant types.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Computers in Industry
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2018
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      Computers in Industry
      Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Çokal, Derya; Sturt, Patrick;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Edinburgh Research E...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Edinburgh Research E...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Authors: Worrall, Fred; Clay, Gareth D.; Moody, Catherine S.; Burt, Tim P.; +1 Authors

    AbstractThe oxidative ratio (OR) of the organic matter of the terrestrial biosphere is a key parameter in the understanding of the magnitude of the carbon sink represented both by the terrestrial biosphere and by the global oceans. However, no study has considered the oxidation state of all the organic pools and fluxes within one environment. In this study all organic matter pathways (dissolved organic matter, particulate organic matter, CO2, and CH4) were measured within an upland peat ecosystem in northern England. The study showed the following: (1) The peat soil of ecosystem was accumulating oxygen at a rate of between −16 and −73 t O km−2 yr−1; (2) Although there was no significant variation in oxidation state in the peat profile, there was a significant increase in degree of unsaturation with depth; (3) The dissolved organic matter leaving the ecosystem was significantly more oxidized than the other carbon pools analyzed while the particulate organic matter was not significantly different from the peat soil profile; and (4) Assuming that all carbon flux from the site was as CO2, the OR of the ecosystem was 1.07; when the nature and speciation of the release pathways were considered, the ecosystem OR was 1.04. At the global scale, correcting for the speciation of carbon fluxes means that the annual global fluxes of carbon to land = 1.49 ± 0.003 Gt C/yr and to the oceans = 2.01 ± 0.004 Gt C/yr.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NERC Open Research A...arrow_drop_down
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    NERC Open Research Archive
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NERC Open Research A...arrow_drop_down
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      NERC Open Research Archive
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Henry Haapiainen; Antti Kaipia; Teemu Murtola; Heikki Seikkula; +3 Authors

    Introduction: Three-dimensional laparoscopic prostatectomy (3D LRP) is a potentially cost-effective option for robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Results for two-dimensional LRP and RALP are well documented; however, little has been published on the outcomes of 3D LRP. Our objective was to report the perioperative and short-term results of 3D LRP in a multicentre study. Materials and methods: In total, 496 unselected men with prostate cancer underwent 3D LRP by three surgeons between December 2013 and December 2018. Median age was 64 (43–76) years. Median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 7.9 (0.7–148) ng/ml. Preoperative and perioperative data and complications according to the Clavien–Dindo classification were collected. PSA and continence results were reported at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Data were analysed with IBM SPSS statistics (25). Results: Pathological Gleason score was 6 in 29%, 7 in 55.4%, 8 in 9.1%, 9 in 5.2% and 10 in 1.2% of patients. Pathological tumour classification was T2c in 59.5%, T3a in 19.5% and T3b in 10.9% of cases. Positive surgical margins occurred in 27.2%. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 36.3%, with positive lymph nodes in 11.8%. Median operative time was 137 (78–334) min and median blood loss 200 (10–1100) ml. Clavien–Dindo IIIa and IIIb complications occurred in 6.9% and 1.6%, respectively. At 3 and 12 months postoperatively, 90.2% and 91.4% of patients, respectively, had PSA <0.2 ng/ml, while 77.1% and 87.7% of patients were completely dry or using a maximum of one pad daily. Conclusions: 3D LRP shows promising results, comparable to similar studies published on RALP. Peer reviewed

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    Scandinavian Journal of Urology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      Scandinavian Journal of Urology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Chuanzhen Zhang; Shen Liu; Wu Shuxia; Shuqin Jin; +3 Authors

    Abstract An increasing disconnect between livestock production and croplands has been observed in many world regions, including China, which has the world’s largest livestock production sector. Here we propose a cropland-based livestock production system to rebuild the linkage between livestock and cropland from both agriculture production and human consumption perspectives for China. In 2015, the total excretion nitrogen (N) generated by livestock production operations was 14.6 Tg N, and it would grow to 15.0 Tg in 2030 by extrapolating current trends. The optimal demand of total N by crops in China was estimated to be 23.0 Tg N in 2030, suggesting that Chinese livestock would be within the carrying capacity of cropland on national level, but substantial variations were found across provinces. The carrying capacity of cropland with regard to N input from manure would be exceeded in 74% provinces, under the assumption that manure providing half of the N supply for crops. Furthermore, from the perspective of domestic feed supply for livestock production, about 51% of feed N needs to be imported. If following the optimized dietary structure of China to manage livestock sector, livestock production could be reduced by 37% in excretion nitrogen, which would not only benefit the food security and human health, but also mitigate the agricultural pollution. Accordingly, policy regulations on reduction and spatially reallocation of livestock production on a regional scale could substantially reduce manure N loss from 10.5 Tg yr−1 to 1–1.2 Tg yr−1 under different recoupled scenarios.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Resources Conservati...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Resources Conservation and Recycling
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Resources Conservati...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Resources Conservation and Recycling
      Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: R. C. Warren;

    Populations of fungi and bacteria dominated by white yeasts and resembling those associated with leaves, were isolated from outer sheathing scales of dormant buds of 7 genera of deciduous trees (Fagus, Aesculus, Acer, Ulmus, Betula, Populus and Quercus) but the internal parts of Tilia and Fraxinus buds were also consistently contaminated. The importance of using samples of homogenized tissue and the temperature of the agar media are discussed.

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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    European Journal of Forest Pathology
    Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao European Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      European Journal of Forest Pathology
      Article . 1976 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/

    Land use is a crucial sector in delivering enhanced carbon sequestration globally. At the same time food production is a major source of global greenhouse gas emissions. As pressure mounts for all nations to increase their levels of ambition under the Paris Climate Agreement, so the pressure to radically reduce emissions from the agriculture sector and enhance carbon sequestration in the land use sector also ramps up. This trend is most clearly evident in the drive for “net zero” where unavoidable emissions, such as those from food production, are balanced by more sequestration via land use change. Here we examine some of the major risks, applicable safeguards, and potential pathways for agriculture and land use in realizing net zero. Using the UK as an example we highlight the importance of governance, finance, skills, research and technology, and society in this transition. We conclude that successful land use policy for net zero will require extremely demanding levels of integration and spatial resolution, and that the research community has a vital role to play in providing a robust evidence base for this. We also invoke the Cancun safeguards as a basis on which a more sustainable and just transition to net zero might be based. Finally, we warn of unintended distortions to policy and markets if the drive for net zero is too blinkered.

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    Frontiers in Climate
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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    Frontiers in Climate
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    Frontiers in Climate
    Article . 2020
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      Frontiers in Climate
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Mark G, Kibblewhite; Sudhir, Prakash; Mridul, Hazarika; Paul J, Burgess; +1 Authors

    AbstractStrong growth in the demand for tea requires further increases in the productivity of plantations. Declining or stagnant yields are commonly observed in older plantations. Possible controlling factors for yield decline are reviewed including ageing of plants, chronic disease and sub‐optimal soil conditions such as excess soil acidity and low soil organic matter. Management options for addressing these factors are evaluated, including replanting. A systematic approach to decision‐making about replanting is presented. Practice for replanting is reviewed and it is concluded that evidence to support a general case for replanting is limited, unless based on the introduction of more productive clones and/or better plant spacing. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of the Scien...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    Article . 2014 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Journal of the Scien...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
      Article . 2014 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ostovari, Yaser; Honarbakhsh, Afshin; Sangoony, Hamed; Zolfaghari, Farhad; +2 Authors

    Abstract To reverse the negative environmental properties effect on fertile lands for agriculture, land suitability evaluation is the first step in the designing the most sustainable land use and management systems. The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate a land suitability model for rapeseed farming using topography factors, soil data and remote sensing data in calcareous soils of semi-arid regions northwestern Iran. For this purpose, stratified random sampling was used to select a set of 92 soil samples of agricultural land use from 0 to 30 cm depth. For land suitability assessment, the opinions of 19 local experts were used to make a decision for the weight of topography, soil data and remote sensing data factors by an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) from multi-criteria analysis. The input data including climate, topography, soil and remote sensing data were included that are related to rapeseed production. The results indicate the highest specific weight belongs to the soil texture (0.341), calcium carbonate equivalent (0.171) and elevation (0.114), respectively. Land suitability evaluation based on the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization classification system indicated that 0.81% (420.8 ha) of the studied area was for high suitable (S1), 42.33% (21940.2 ha) was for moderately suitable (S2) and 11.78% (6104 ha) was for marginally suitable (S3) class. The 39.72% (20586.4) and 0.95% (492.1 ha) of studied area were located as currently not-suitable and permanently not-suitable for rapeseed productions, respectively.

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    Ecological Indicators
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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    Cranfield CERES
    Article . 2019
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      Ecological Indicators
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      Cranfield CERES
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: M. I. Hossain; C. F. Curtis;

    AbstractBehaviour of two species of mosquitoes was studied by releasing them into a ‘tunnel’ of cages in which either deet or permethrin impregnated wide‐mesh cotton or nylon netting was stretched across the tunnel between the mosquito entry point and an animal bait.Di‐ethyl toluamide (deet) was found to be more effective in repelling Culex quinquefasciatus say when pieces of impregnated thick cotton netting were placed at a distance from the bait rather than close to the bait. Anopheles gambiae Giles was repelled at lower deet dosages than was Cx. quinquefasciatus. One impregnation remained effective for 7 weeks when the netting was impregnated with 25 ml per m2 held in still air in a room. When it was held in a plastic bag the ‘shelf life’ was at least one year.Permethrin impregnated nylon netting of 4 mm or 6 mm mesh‐size had a strong toxic and excito‐repellent effect on An. gambiae. However, the effects were much weaker when the mesh size was 13 mm. Permethrin impregnated 8 mm‐mesh thick, cotton netting offered very good protection against mosquitoes for at least 30 weeks. There was no marked difference in effectiveness between doses of 0.2 or 0.5 g/m2.RésuméEvaluation au laboratoire de l'efficacité contre les moustiques de filets à larges mailles imprégnés de deet et de permethrineLe comportement de deux espèces de moustiques a été examiné en les lâchant dans un tunnel formé par 6 cages successives dans lesquelles étaient tendus, entre l'entrée et un animal proie, des filets de coton ou de nylon imprégnés de deet ou de permethrine. La répulsion par le deet (di‐éthyl toluamide) s'est révélé plus efficace contre Culex quinquefasciatus avec les filets de coton tendus à une certaine distance de la proie plutôt qu'à proximité. Anopheles gambiae a été repoussé par des doses plus faibles de deet que C. quinquefasciatus. Une imprégnation du filet avec 25 ml/m2 est resté efficace pendant 7 semaines dans une pièce où l'air était calme. Conservé dans un emballage plastique la durée de conservation a été au moins d'un an.La permethrine imprégnant un filet de nylon de maille 4 à 6 mm a présenté un effet toxique et repulsif‐excitant très fort contre A. gambiae. L'effet a été beaucoup plus faible lorsque les mailles étaient de 18 mm. La permethrine, imprégnant un filet de coton de maille 8 mm, a fourni une très bonne protection contre les moustiques pendant au moins 30 semaines. Il n'y a pas eu de différences significatives entre des doses de 0,2 et 0,5 g/m2.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Entomologia Experime...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
    Article . 1989 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Entomologia Experime...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
      Article . 1989 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
      Data sources: Crossref
      addClaim

      This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

      You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product.
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