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419,163 Research products

  • Rural Digital Europe
  • 2018-2022
  • Publications
  • Research software

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  • Authors: Sojeong Kim;

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the TOEIC research topics in college from 2000 to 2022 in Korea. The total 184 papers were collected and analyzed by LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation) topic modeling. The results are as follows: The number of TOEIC papers has increased significantly since 2011. By analyzing LDA topic modeling, 12 topics were identified and categorized into two major topics: teaching and learning methods and learner factors. In teaching and learning method category, there were satisfaction with online lectures (T1), listening strategy (T2), reading and grammar (T3), TOEIC intensive program (T4), vocabulary learning (T6), speaking (T10), and teaching method (T11). In learner factors category, there were factors affecting TOEIC course (T5), affective factors and proficiency (T7), learning style and self-directed learning (T8), self-error analysis and report (T9), and achievement and motivation by proficiency level (T12). This study is meaningful in that it covers the 20 years of TOEIC research by LDA topic modeling and hopes to provide useful and meaningful analysis for researchers.

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  • Authors: Vladimir Trofimov; Olga Trofimova;

    The research carried out in three types of urban plantings of Pennsylvania ash in the northeast of Moscow. The surviving trees damaged by Agrilus planipennis in 2005-2012 studied. Half of the damaged trees show the ability of partial overgrowing of the dry side on around the old larval gallery. The size of the cambium roller around the dry side indicates the viability of the tree. Trees with single longitudinal bark cracks on larval gallery retain viability for more than 10 years. Trees with cracks and dry sides covering up to 1/3 of the trunk circumference live for at least seven years (9.37+2.32). Trees with cracks and dry sides from 1/3 to 2/3 of the trunk circumference and partial bark fall live for at least five years (6.73 + 1.21). Trees with cracks and the absence of more than 2/3 of the bark along the circumference of the trunk of the categories "severely weakened" die within 1-2 years. The first appearance of shoots in the butt part of the trunk of seeming healthy trees is a sign the attack of larval gallery 2 years ago. Keywords: GREEN ASH, EMERALD ASH BORER

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Romulus Florian Oprica; Nicu Constantin Tudose; Șerban Octavian Davidescu; Mihai Zup; +4 Authors

    Urban green spaces (public gardens, parks, urban and peri-urban forests) offer multiple-use opportunities and spaces for recreational activities and played a key role in supporting mental and physical health of dwellers during covid-19 pandemic, being ones of few places where outdoor and social activities where allowed. This study was conducted in Brașov city (also known as Kronstadt, by its German name), the second largest metropolitan area of Romania and surrounded by a significant area of peri-urban forests in Transylvania. Brașov city own just 5.62 sqm of urban green space/inhabitant, one of the lowest in the country, so the presence of a large peri-urban forest area become very valuable for locals and tourists visiting the area. Due to its importance and because understanding visitors' expectations and perceptions is a key element to support decision-makers and ensure proper management of these forests, the Brașov’s forests administrator (Kronstadt Local Public Forest District – RPLPK) decided to investigate how dwellers generally interact with the peri-urban forests and to identify opportunities for improving the capacity of forests in providing social and recreational services. Data were collected through the administration of CAWI (computer assisted web interview) to 314 respondents at beginning of 2021, at exactly one year distance after the pandemic lockdown was imposed all around the country. Analyzing the participants responses, a surprising fact become evident: the use of peri-urban forest is not gender equal, women being less able than men to access these green natural spaces and, therefore, to uptake the benefits provided by the peri-urban forests.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Annals of Forest Res...arrow_drop_down
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    Annals of Forest Research
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Annals of Forest Res...arrow_drop_down
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      Annals of Forest Research
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: HASRULZAMAN HASSAN BASRI; NOR ZALIPAH MOHAMED; NUR JULIANI SHAFIE; MOHD. TAJUDDIN ABDULLAH;

    Differentiations in the habitat and resource utilisation lead to segregation and specialisation of niches for bats within the structurally complex tropical rainforest in Malaysia. This research aims to characterise chiropterans’ assemblages found in two different habitat types in Tasik Kenyir (dipterocarp forest) and Setiu (oil palm plantation). A total of 48 sampling nights were conducted within two years period from March 2017 to March 2019 which covered four sampling sites in Tasik Kenyir and four sites at Setiu. Two standard four-bank harp traps and 10 mist nets were deployed throughout the study at every site to capture bats at understory levels. This makes a total of 576 sampling efforts for both areas. Song Meter SM2bats and Echo Meter Touch from Wildlife Acoustic were used to record the echolocation of insectivorous bats. The total number of individuals and species observed were used to determine species diversity, richness, and evenness. Paleontological statistic software was used to generate the rank abundance and species accumulation curves. Bray-Curtis similarity index was used to generalise the index that represents the relative abundance of the sampling sites. A total of 835 individuals comprising 31 species from six families were captured at both study areas. Out of 835 individuals, 695 were captured within Tasik Kenyir comprising 27 species from six families (H = 2.381) while 140 individuals were captured in Setiu comprising 20 species from five families (H = 2.40). The diversity of bats in Tasik Kenyir was hypothesised to be higher than in Setiu as the habitat possess a larger undisturbed forest. However, the result showed the opposite in which no significant difference was detected from the diversity index calculated between these two areas. Detailed studies need to be conducted to determine if some areas are used as transient habitats for bats.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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    Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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      Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC
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    Authors: null MOHD AFFENDI MOHD SHAFRI; null AIN NAJIHAH NAZARUDIN;

    Ethnobotanical and ethnomedical knowledge of the Malays could be known either through oral sources or documented sources. The traditional sources of Malay medicine are useful for traditional and modern pharmaceuticals development in Malaysia and for conservation of biodiversity. This study aims to extract and categorise the ethnobotanical and ethnomedical contents documented in the medical chapter of Tajul Muluk, in the Malay ancient text. Transliteration and data extraction were carried out in order to identify and classify the information in the text. The manuscript has 292 medical interventions for 56 different diseases such as cough, fever, and mental health issues. There are descriptions available for different medical formulations using 209 plant-based materials, 12 animal-based materials and 40 other types. Many of the name and use of the materials are now rare or not well-known in modern today’s society. Medical descriptions listed in Tajul Muluk will be a documented proof of herbs used by local Malay population utilised as ethnobotanical and ethnomedical resources. Hence retrieving useful ancient documental knowledge should be explored in finding useful cures and alternatives therapeutics for various diseases.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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    Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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      Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Tumiwa, Krueger; Lohlker, Rüdiger; Samad, Telsy;

    Before the emergence of Abrahamic religion, the population in the past experienced both economic calamity and humanitarian crisis as a result of usury practices. Various historical studies reveal that the Babylonian period was an era where human civilization showed dreadful facts as a result of usury praxis. This study focuses on Islamic and Christianity views of usury in economic activities. This paper aims to examine usury starting from semantic discussions to usury practices which are closely related to economic activity from both an Islamic and Christianity perspective. The method used in this paper is a qualitative method with a literature study approach taken from various national and international sources, namely books and journals and citing explanations from the Bible and Qur’an. The results of this research reveal that in Christianity, the study and prohibition of usury practices are mostly discussed in the Old Testament in Deuteronomy, Exodus dan Leviticus, while the New Testament tends to discuss things that need to be done to avoid usury practices. Associated with the economy in general in Christianity refers to the practice of lending money (loans) to those in need without asking for interest or additional returns as a form of profit. Meanwhile, in Islam, the discourse of usury can be found in al-Baqarah, al ‘Imran, al-Nissa‘, al-Rum and the kind of prohibited Usury in is Riba Nasiah, Fadhl and Jahiliyyah which related to purchases and loans.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Tasharruf: Journal E...arrow_drop_down
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    Tasharruf: Journal Economics and Business of Islam
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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    Tasharruf: Journal Economics and Business of Islam
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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      Tasharruf: Journal Economics and Business of Islam
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC
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      Tasharruf: Journal Economics and Business of Islam
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Chao Gao; Juan Dong; Soo-youn Kim;
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    Authors: Milan Regmi; Aashish Shrestha; Hem Raj Paudel;

    Wild and underutilized vegetables are important sources of food, nutrition, and income for rural communities and indigenous people. Cultivation of high-yielding hybrid varieties, change in food habits, climate change and over-harvesting have resulted in genetic erosion of these vegetables. In addition to this, their availability, distribution and uses are poorly documented. This study aims to document the wild, neglected, and underutilized vegetable species in Jaimini Municipality of Baglung District, Western Nepal. Complete information on wild and underutilized vegetables were collected using semi-structured interviews, guided field walks, and field observation. We recorded 64 species of wild and underutilized vegetables belonging to 27 different families in the study area. Leaf was the most used plant part (26 species) and majority of the plants species were herbs (33 species). Most of these vegetables were consumed in rainy and summer seasons and their availability decreased during winter season. Knowledge regarding their utilization, cultivation, and conservation were also gradually disappearing. Therefore, consumer awareness, evaluation of their nutritional value, and promotion for their commercial use should be emphasized for the inclusion of these vegetable species in our daily diet.

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    Banko Janakari
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      Banko Janakari
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  • Authors: null Jitendra Prasad Upadhaya; null Paras Mani Acharya;

    This study analyzes the moral behavior of Nepalese taxpayers. Additionally, the study seeks to address the underlying reasons for non-compliance. Data were collected by 400 participant questioners and analyzed using thematic analysis. The result suggests that these taxpayers do not have sufficient technical knowledge and perceive the VAT system as complex. Tax knowledge and tax complexity are seen as contributing factors to taxpayer non-compliant behavior. Data is collected using a well-structured questionnaire. For analysis and interpretation, the researcher used the following statistical tools from her SPSS: Based on their analysis and interpretation, the researchers present important findings that the majority of consumers pay tax but are less aware of VAT. Consumers avoid paying tax in Nepal as VAT tends to be high.

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    Pravaha
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Maria Panova;

    The article presents the results of studying the influence of growth regulators on the formation of seedless berries in the grape variety of interspecific origin Codrianka. The size of berries of different types has been studied depending on the presence or absence of seeds in them. The preparations contributing to the formation of large seedless berries in the Codrianka variety have been identified. Keywords: GRAPES, GROWTH REGULATORS, SEEDLESSNESS, UVOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, SMALL DIAMETER BERRIES, PARTHENOCARPY

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  • Authors: Sojeong Kim;

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the TOEIC research topics in college from 2000 to 2022 in Korea. The total 184 papers were collected and analyzed by LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation) topic modeling. The results are as follows: The number of TOEIC papers has increased significantly since 2011. By analyzing LDA topic modeling, 12 topics were identified and categorized into two major topics: teaching and learning methods and learner factors. In teaching and learning method category, there were satisfaction with online lectures (T1), listening strategy (T2), reading and grammar (T3), TOEIC intensive program (T4), vocabulary learning (T6), speaking (T10), and teaching method (T11). In learner factors category, there were factors affecting TOEIC course (T5), affective factors and proficiency (T7), learning style and self-directed learning (T8), self-error analysis and report (T9), and achievement and motivation by proficiency level (T12). This study is meaningful in that it covers the 20 years of TOEIC research by LDA topic modeling and hopes to provide useful and meaningful analysis for researchers.

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  • Authors: Vladimir Trofimov; Olga Trofimova;

    The research carried out in three types of urban plantings of Pennsylvania ash in the northeast of Moscow. The surviving trees damaged by Agrilus planipennis in 2005-2012 studied. Half of the damaged trees show the ability of partial overgrowing of the dry side on around the old larval gallery. The size of the cambium roller around the dry side indicates the viability of the tree. Trees with single longitudinal bark cracks on larval gallery retain viability for more than 10 years. Trees with cracks and dry sides covering up to 1/3 of the trunk circumference live for at least seven years (9.37+2.32). Trees with cracks and dry sides from 1/3 to 2/3 of the trunk circumference and partial bark fall live for at least five years (6.73 + 1.21). Trees with cracks and the absence of more than 2/3 of the bark along the circumference of the trunk of the categories "severely weakened" die within 1-2 years. The first appearance of shoots in the butt part of the trunk of seeming healthy trees is a sign the attack of larval gallery 2 years ago. Keywords: GREEN ASH, EMERALD ASH BORER

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    Authors: Romulus Florian Oprica; Nicu Constantin Tudose; Șerban Octavian Davidescu; Mihai Zup; +4 Authors

    Urban green spaces (public gardens, parks, urban and peri-urban forests) offer multiple-use opportunities and spaces for recreational activities and played a key role in supporting mental and physical health of dwellers during covid-19 pandemic, being ones of few places where outdoor and social activities where allowed. This study was conducted in Brașov city (also known as Kronstadt, by its German name), the second largest metropolitan area of Romania and surrounded by a significant area of peri-urban forests in Transylvania. Brașov city own just 5.62 sqm of urban green space/inhabitant, one of the lowest in the country, so the presence of a large peri-urban forest area become very valuable for locals and tourists visiting the area. Due to its importance and because understanding visitors' expectations and perceptions is a key element to support decision-makers and ensure proper management of these forests, the Brașov’s forests administrator (Kronstadt Local Public Forest District – RPLPK) decided to investigate how dwellers generally interact with the peri-urban forests and to identify opportunities for improving the capacity of forests in providing social and recreational services. Data were collected through the administration of CAWI (computer assisted web interview) to 314 respondents at beginning of 2021, at exactly one year distance after the pandemic lockdown was imposed all around the country. Analyzing the participants responses, a surprising fact become evident: the use of peri-urban forest is not gender equal, women being less able than men to access these green natural spaces and, therefore, to uptake the benefits provided by the peri-urban forests.

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    Annals of Forest Research
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Annals of Forest Res...arrow_drop_down
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      Annals of Forest Research
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: HASRULZAMAN HASSAN BASRI; NOR ZALIPAH MOHAMED; NUR JULIANI SHAFIE; MOHD. TAJUDDIN ABDULLAH;

    Differentiations in the habitat and resource utilisation lead to segregation and specialisation of niches for bats within the structurally complex tropical rainforest in Malaysia. This research aims to characterise chiropterans’ assemblages found in two different habitat types in Tasik Kenyir (dipterocarp forest) and Setiu (oil palm plantation). A total of 48 sampling nights were conducted within two years period from March 2017 to March 2019 which covered four sampling sites in Tasik Kenyir and four sites at Setiu. Two standard four-bank harp traps and 10 mist nets were deployed throughout the study at every site to capture bats at understory levels. This makes a total of 576 sampling efforts for both areas. Song Meter SM2bats and Echo Meter Touch from Wildlife Acoustic were used to record the echolocation of insectivorous bats. The total number of individuals and species observed were used to determine species diversity, richness, and evenness. Paleontological statistic software was used to generate the rank abundance and species accumulation curves. Bray-Curtis similarity index was used to generalise the index that represents the relative abundance of the sampling sites. A total of 835 individuals comprising 31 species from six families were captured at both study areas. Out of 835 individuals, 695 were captured within Tasik Kenyir comprising 27 species from six families (H = 2.381) while 140 individuals were captured in Setiu comprising 20 species from five families (H = 2.40). The diversity of bats in Tasik Kenyir was hypothesised to be higher than in Setiu as the habitat possess a larger undisturbed forest. However, the result showed the opposite in which no significant difference was detected from the diversity index calculated between these two areas. Detailed studies need to be conducted to determine if some areas are used as transient habitats for bats.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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    Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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      Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: null MOHD AFFENDI MOHD SHAFRI; null AIN NAJIHAH NAZARUDIN;

    Ethnobotanical and ethnomedical knowledge of the Malays could be known either through oral sources or documented sources. The traditional sources of Malay medicine are useful for traditional and modern pharmaceuticals development in Malaysia and for conservation of biodiversity. This study aims to extract and categorise the ethnobotanical and ethnomedical contents documented in the medical chapter of Tajul Muluk, in the Malay ancient text. Transliteration and data extraction were carried out in order to identify and classify the information in the text. The manuscript has 292 medical interventions for 56 different diseases such as cough, fever, and mental health issues. There are descriptions available for different medical formulations using 209 plant-based materials, 12 animal-based materials and 40 other types. Many of the name and use of the materials are now rare or not well-known in modern today’s society. Medical descriptions listed in Tajul Muluk will be a documented proof of herbs used by local Malay population utilised as ethnobotanical and ethnomedical resources. Hence retrieving useful ancient documental knowledge should be explored in finding useful cures and alternatives therapeutics for various diseases.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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    Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Borneo Journal of Re...arrow_drop_down
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      Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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