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2,608 Research products, page 1 of 261

  • Rural Digital Europe
  • Other research products
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  • English
  • Rural Digital Europe

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Mueller, Inka; Freitag, Steffen; Memmolo, Vittorio; Moix-Bonet, Maria; Möllenhoff, Kathrin; Golub, Mikhail; Sridaran Venkat, Ramanan; Lugovtsova, Yevgeniya; Eremin, Artem; Moll, Jochen; +1 more
    Country: Germany

    Performance assessment for GuidedWave (GW)-based Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems is of major importance for industrial deployment. With conventional feature extraction methods like damage indices, path-based probability of detection (POD) analysis can be realized. To achieve reliability quantification enough data needs to be available, which is rarely the case. Alternatives like methods for performance assessment on system level are still in development and in a discussion phase. In this contribution, POD results using an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based data analysis are compared with those delivered by conventional data analysis. Using an open-access dataset from Open Guided Wave platform, the possibility of performance assessment for GW-based SHM systems using AI-based data analysis is shown in detail. An artificial neural network (ANN) classifier is trained to detect artificial damage in a stiffened CFRP plate. As input for the ANN, classical damage indicators are used. The ANN is tested to detect damage at another position, whose inspection data were not previously used in training. The findings show very high detection capabilities without sorting any specific path but only having a global view of current damage metrics. The systematic evaluation of the ANN predictions with respect to specific damage sizes allows to compute a probability of correct identification versus flaw dimension, somehow equivalent to and compared with the results achieved through classic path-based POD analysis. Also, sensitive paths are detected by ANN predictions allowing for evaluation of maximal distances between path and damage position. Finally, it is shown that the prediction performance of the ANN can be improved significantly by combining different damage indicators as inputs.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Lazar Luminita; Rodino Steliana; Pop Ruxandra;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | COASTAL (773782)

    A general conclusion of the stakeholders' meetings outlined that governance and excessive bureaucracy are disturbing the economic activity (planning, facilities for investors (lack of), lack of compensatory measures, tourism, infrastructure) and social areas (health, incomes, protection, jobs), avoid real problems like the conflict between Marine Protected Areas (and restrictive measures) and the exploitation of resources or the Danube Delta’s clogged canals and invasive species. Agriculture has clear impacts on both inland and coastal water quality and the locals are not aware of causes, effects and impacts of the pollution on the Black Sea and even on the surrounding neighbourhood. The agriculture is for subsistence and the area is very poor developed. Due to the Danube Delta protected area, there is a pressure down the coastal zone for seasonal tourism (only three - four months/year). Thus, there is an artificial population “growth” that is not sustained by the “real” economic development. The goal of the model is to explore alternative scenarios to improve the quality of life and sustainability within the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve and its marine waters (Black Sea) as one of the most impacted areas along the Romanian littoral. Land-sea interactions in the coastal MAL5 region were identified through separate sector workshops and a combined multi-sectoral workshop as part of WP1 in the COASTAL project. Land-sea interactions are at the core of our study case. For practical reasons due to data availability and considering that the activity on the area upstream has effect on this highly biodiverse area we will include in the model data collected for the entire county of Tulcea. The model combines the 3 main economic activities in Danube's Delta region: agriculture, aquaculture and tourism. The core objective of agriculture sub model is to model the transformation from conventional farming vs eco farming by trying to fulfil the EU’s recent recommendations, while assuring food security and farmer’s competitiveness on the market. For aquaculture sub model development, the freshwater aquaculture stock was considered as the fish farming area (ha), which has two components – normal and intensive aquaculture stocks. The normal fish farming area is influenced by the development rate, which is a function of the spatial pressure. In the tourism sub model we tried to answer to the following question: how far can the tourism activity can be developed in the region, without harming the environment of Danube's Delta.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    English
    Authors: 
    Lossie, Karl; Pothen, Mario; Patzwald, Marc; Studerus, Bastian; Cassel, Leonard; Schuh, Günther; Schauss, Marc; Schmitt, Sarah; Brochhaus, Maximilian; Brandstätter, Tobias Claus; +5 more
    Country: Germany

    2021 was an exciting year for ICNAP: despite the COVID-19-related challenges, the community managed to hold its ground with its 24 partners from the indus­try. Now it is taking big steps towards 30 partners. At ICNAP, we are convinced that only a strong coopera­tion between research partners, producing companies and digital enablers can meet the challenges of today. Even more, this is relevant when regarding the inter-disciplinary topic of Networked, Adaptive Production. ICNAP is the ideal platform for networking and collabo­ration within this area. A great response from industry confirms this view. Particularly noteworthy are the five ICNAP studies that were conducted in 2021. When deciding on the topics of these studies, we rely on the competencies and necessities of our industrial partners: all topics are exclu­sively determined by a voting process including all com­munity members. This ensures the industrial relevance of the ICNAP research topics. After a short introduction, this report presents the results of those studies, realized in a collaborative effort within the ICNAP community. With this report we hope to bring ICNAP a little closer to you. More information can be found at www.icnap.de.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Di Bari, Roberta; Horn, Rafael; Bruhn, Simone; Alaux, Nicolas; Ruschi Mendes Saade, Marcella; Soust-Verdaguer, Bernardette; Potrč Obrecht, Tajda; Hollberg, Alexander; Birgisdottír, Harpa; Passer, Alexander; +1 more
    Country: Germany

    In a context of digitalization and increasing quality requirements, the building sector is facing an increasing level of complexity regarding its design process. This results in a growing number of involved actors from different domains, a multitude of tasks to be completed and a higher degree of needed expertise. New buildings are also required to reach higher performances in terms of environmental quality. To that regard, the exploitation of the full potential of digital tools can facilitate the integration of environmental aspects in the planning process, limit productivity shortcomings and reduce environmental impacts, which can result from an unaware decision making. Building environmental assessment can be performed through several Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)-based tools. “Pure calculation” tools quantify final buildings’ environmental potential, while “complex tools” additionally support decision making during the planning process. It is often difficult to choose the best suitable tool, which strongly depends on the user’s needs. Within the IEA EBC Annex 72, a survey was realized with the main objective of creating a comprehensive overview of the existing tools dedicated to buildings LCA. The questionnaire included the usability, functionality, compliance, data reliability and interoperability of the analysed tools. Lastly, based on the survey outcomes and their critical assessment, a procedure for the identification and selection of a tool has been proposed based on user’s needs. As a result, this work outlines main features of currently available building LCA tools, for which there is a harmonized status in terms of usability and overall applied LCA methodology. Despite the need for more automatized workflows, tools’ embedding is mostly not yet applicable in system chains or limited to a restricted number of tools.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Hernández de Cos, Pablo;
    Country: Spain

    Eurofi 2022 Financial Forum While advances in financial technology that seek to enhance the efficiency, inclusiveness and quality of services should be welcomed, they will not replace the critical role of human judgment in banking and supervision. And they cannot substitute for the importance of ongoing cooperation among Basel Committee members with a view to safeguarding global financial stability.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bergsma, Simon; Euverink, Gerrit Jan Willem; Charalampogiannis, Nikolaos; Poulios, Efthymios; Janssens, Thierry K.S.; Achinas, Spyridon;

    The use of chemical pesticides in agriculture goes hand in hand with some crucial problems. These problems include environmental deterioration and human health complications. To eliminate the problems accompanying chemical pesticides, biological alternatives should be considered. These developments spark interest in many environmental fields, including agriculture. In this review, antifungal compounds produced by lactic acid bacteria (LABs) are considered. It summarizes the worldwide distribution of pesticides and the effect of pesticides on human health and goes into detail about LAB species, their growth, fermentation, and their antifungal compounds. Additionally, interactions between LABs with mycotoxins and plants are discussed.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Buhl, Mie; Larjanko, , Johanni; Tjellum Darraya, Karoline;
    Publisher: Nordisk Ministerråd
    Country: Denmark
  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Teeuwen, A.S.; Meyer, Markus; Dou, Yue; Nelson, A.D.;

    To effectively address food security, we need tools that assess governance measures (for example, strategic storage reserves, cash transfers or trade regulations) ex ante. Simulation models can estimate the impact of such measures via scenarios with differently governed food systems. On the basis of a systematic review of 110 simulation studies published over 2000–2021, we examined how food security governance has been represented, and identified needs for future simulation model development. We found that studies commonly used agent-based, system dynamics, and computable general equilibrium models; tended to be production, trade or consumption centric; assessed the impact of a wide variety of mostly treasure- or authority-based measures; and applied diverse food security indicators, mostly of access or availability. We also identified blind spots (for example, simulation of nodal measures) and proposed how to address these blind spots (for example, telecoupling) and to make food security governance simulation studies fit for meta-analyses (for example, harmonizing food security indicators for comparison).

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Puentes Garzón, David Felipe;
    Publisher: Universidad del Rosario
    Country: Colombia

    La empresa austriaca TECTA, bajo la marca Entrepreno, antes Organisazia, siendo una de las empresas líderes de la región DACH en el sector de la administración de datos, decidió buscar nichos no sólo nuevos sino también más rentables, aprovechando el rebranding que estaba preparando para despegar no sólo como un nombre más simple sino uno más potente para conquistar los mercados de Europa central y occidental poniendo más esfuerzo en el tema de la digitalización y la digitalización de los nuevos clientes potenciales. Gracias a ello, ahora nosotros, estudiantes de la Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas de Alta Austria, pudimos poner en práctica nuestros aprendizajes dotando a Entrepreno de un nuevo abanico de clientes potenciales. El proyecto se centró en realizar un estudio completo de mercado en los nuevos clientes posibles para la empresa, explorando y encontrando nuevos nichos de mercado. Como cualquier otra empresa, los futuros clientes de Entrepreno se encuentran con ciertas dificultades a la hora de implantar la nueva tecnología CRM. A la hora de desarrollar la estrategia de implantación de cualquier tipo de tecnología para estos clientes, hay que tener en cuenta estas dificultades. La iniciativa consiste en poner de relieve dichas dificultades desde la perspectiva del cliente y de la empresa, encontrando así las mejores empresas que se adaptan para esta solución. Además, en nuestro análisis, hemos prestado atención específicamente a cinco nichos de mercado: Artesanía, Empresas de construcción, Compañías de seguros, Pequeñas agencias de transporte y Asesores tributarios. El proyecto se basó en la ejecución del plan de consecución de empresas interesadas en la organización de datos en los nichos mencionados anteriormente. Debido al progresivo aumento de los datos a lo largo de los últimos años, es necesario encontrar la manera de organizarlos y de esta misma manera utilizarlos con fines empresariales. Para ello, lo que se debe hacer es transformarlos en información. Para ello existen varios programas informáticos en el mercado y Entrepreno es uno de ellos. Se realizaron varias entrevistas a los posibles clientes y se encontró información útil en las cuales se determinó que empresas de los 5 posibles nichos denominados en primer lugar iban a ser realmente las interesados en el producto y por tanto aumentar la probabilidad de su compra. Gracias a la realización de las entrevistas, se pudieron encontrar los contactos necesarios para que la empresa expandiera su producto a estos nuevos nichos. Se entrevistó a varios altos ejecutivos de estas empresas y, por tanto, se llegó a la conclusión de cuál podría ser el mejor encaje para el software. A grandes rasgos, se recomienda tomar como primer sector empresarial a entrar, las agencias de transporte más pequeñas. Se ha llegado a la conclusión de que este nicho es el que mejor encaja con el sistema CRM debido a varios factores, entre ellos la rápida necesidad de más soluciones digitales. El segundo nicho en el que se considera que debe entrar Entrepreno es el de la artesanía, que utiliza demasiado papel y no requiere de programas muy difíciles para manejar su negocio. El sector de la construcción también sería una buena opción, pero no en el momento, debido a que durante los últimos años ya se ha digitalizado bastante, lo que trae como consecuencia la oportunidad de futuros emprendimientos en este sector.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Khorasani, Mahyar; Loy, Jennifer; Ghasemi, Amir Hossein; Sharabian, Elmira; Leary, Martin; Mirafzal, Hamed; Cochrane, Peter; Rolfe, Bernard; Gibson, Ian;

    Purpose: This paper reviews the synergy of Industry 4.0 and additive manufacturing (AM) and discusses the integration of data-driven manufacturing systems and product service systems as a key component of the Industry 4.0 revolution. This paper aims to highlight the potential effects of Industry 4.0 on AM via tools such as digitalisation, data transfer, tagging technology, information in Industry 4.0 and intelligent features. Design/methodology/approach: In successive phases of industrialisation, there has been a rise in the use of, and dependence on, data in manufacturing. In this review of Industry 4.0 and AM, the five pillars of success that could see the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence, robotics and materials science enabling new levels of interactivity and interdependence between suppliers, producers and users are discussed. The unique effects of AM capabilities, in particular mass customisation and light-weighting, combined with the integration of data and IoT in Industry 4.0, are studied for their potential to support higher efficiencies, greater utility and more ecologically friendly production. This research also illustrates how the digitalisation of manufacturing for Industry 4.0, through the use of IoT and AM, enables new business models and production practices. Findings: The discussion illustrates the potential of combining IoT and AM to provide an escape from the constraints and limitations of conventional mass production whilst achieving economic and ecological savings. It should also be noted that this extends to the agile design and fabrication of increasingly complex parts enabled by simulations of complex production processes and operating systems. This paper also discusses the relationship between Industry 4.0 and AM with respect to improving the quality and robustness of product outcomes, based on real-time data/feedback. Originality/value: This research shows how a combined approach to research into IoT and AM can create a step change in practice that alters the production and supply paradigm, potentially reducing the ecological impact of industrial systems and product life cycle. This paper demonstrates how the integration of Industry 4.0 and AM could reshape the future of manufacturing and discusses the challenges involved.