Project: EC | MOVING (862739), EC | Blue Cloud (862409)
In the context of the MOVING (MOuntain Valorisation through INterconnectedness and Green growth) project, we released an open-source software - the MOVING Story Map Building and Visualization Tool (SMBVT) - that allows users to create and visualise story maps within a collaborative environment and using a user-friendly Web interface. The tool uses Semantic Web technologies and the Narrative Ontology to represent the stories of the MOVING mountain Value Chains. The MOVING community access SMBVT through The MOVING story map Virtual Research Environment and creates the events of the story. For each event, the user can add: a title, a textual description, start and end dates, the geographic coordinates, a media object (i.e. a video or image), notes, and digital objects. The tool takes Wikidata as reference KB and assigns Wikidata Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) to the story components (i.e. the entities that take part in an event). All the knowledge collected by SMBVT is stored in a JSON Postgres DB. When a story is completed, the tool automatically creates the corresponding visualisation using StoryMapJS library and makes available a corresponding URL that can be freely shared. Finally, SMBVT saves the collected knowledge as a Web Ontology Language (OWL) graph and publishes it as a Linked Open Data.
Pastoralism in Asia features a variety of agro-ecological and socio-cultural settings. From Russian Siberia to Indian drylands, the continent is home to large and diverse pastoral territories and communities. Policies and legislation regulating rangeland governance and livestock production are of great concern in the region, as they affect the livelihoods of significant parts of the population. Herding communities across the continent are also highly heterogeneous in their historical trajectories, and socio-political institutions; during the twentieth century, Asian rangelands underwent important political reconfigurations that brought specific consequences for the territories and lives of pastoralists. The Socialist and the capital-intensive Green revolutions that have characterised the recent history of different portions of the region with the goal of modernising agricultural systems have generated significant and differentiated forms of uncertainty for most rural communities. Agrarian reforms, large-scale infrastructure, subsidy and loan schemes, along with integration into market dynamics, have been instrumental in supporting the stabilization of livestock production and the sedentarisation of herding communities, as part of their broader incorporation into the global economic and political arena. The overall impact has been one of widespread dispossession, dislocation, and marginalization, forcing pastoralists to reconfigure herd management and mobility strategies, and to constantly negotiate their access to grazing resources, market options, and income opportunities, including through land use conversion and migration. This review of past and evolving policy frameworks in different parts of Asia shows that, despite contrasting differences in ideological perspectives and development trajectories, the dismantling of pastoral resource management has always been purported as a prerequisite for modernisation, through the multiple and divergent agendas of increasing livestock production, preserving rangeland ecosystems and improving local welfare. However, the engagement with State- and market-driven dynamics has rarely been favourable to pastoralists. The political and institutional uncertainty resulting from these approaches has contributed substantially to altering patterns of resource governance for local communities, who have been seldom invited to participate in policy planning and societal debates, even though their livelihoods, land and livestock are often the primary focus of development programmes and modernisation strategies.
The rangelands of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region - which includes the Maghreb and Mashreq, Turkey and other countries of the Arabian Peninsula - are conducive to different patterns of pastoral resource management, due to the prevailing arid and mountainous conditions. Environmental change in the region is quite intense, resulting from population growth, shifts in land use and climate dynamics, and is one of the main drivers of socio-economic and political transformation in the region. In most WANA countries livestock rearing is a primary source of livelihood for a large segment ofthe population, and the governance of rangeland management and livestock trade are high priority issues for the national and regional political economy. Despite a fragmented and conflicting political setup that affects regional economic integration and the establishment of a common institutional framework, development trajectories regarding agriculture and food security have converged over time. Throughout the region, there have been repeated attempts to convert herding communities into stable and controllable producers through their incorporation into state and market mechanisms. Patterns of herd management and livestock mobility have been profoundly reconfigured, and while the movement of animals is increasingly restricted as feed and water are brought to them, the mobility of rural dwellers has intensified, through intense migration flows that are contributing to major transformations in local societies. Over time, development approaches, institutional arrangements and market dynamics have proven inconsistent in addressing the long-term needs of rural producers and ecosystems. Particularly in the arid and remote pastoral regions, local livelihoods have significantly deteriorated in recent decades, and are now increasingly shaped by processes that take place outside the realm of livestock production and very often beyond regional boundaries. The reconfiguration of land, livestock and labour regimes has generated tensions and risks that have weakened the capacity of pastoralist communities to deal with evolving uncertainties. The recent history of WANA drylands is one of strained economic development, stressed community networks and degraded ecosystems; the broader implications of the political and economic marginalisation of drylands have significant impacts for the entire WANA region and society.
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Project: EC | TAILOR (952215)
Complex service robotics scenarios entail unpredictable task appearance both in space and time. This requires robots to continuously relocate and imposes a trade-off between motion costs and efficiency in task execution. In such scenarios, multi-robot systems and even swarms of robots can be exploited to service different areas in parallel. An efficient deployment needs to continuously determine the best allocation according to the actual service needs, while also taking relocation costs into account when such allocation must be modified. For large scale problems, centrally predicting optimal allocations and movement paths for each robot quickly becomes infeasible. Instead, decentralized solutions are needed that allow the robotic system to self-organize and adaptively respond to the task demands. In this paper, we propose a distributed and asynchronous approach to simultaneous task assignment and path planning for robot swarms, which combines a bio-inspired collective decision-making process for the allocation of robots to areas to be serviced, and a search-based path planning approach for the actual routing of robots towards tasks to be executed. Task allocation exploits a hierarchical representation of the workspace, supporting the robot deployment to the areas that mostly require service. We investigate four realistic environments of increasing complexity, where each task requires a robot to reach a location and work for a specific amount of time. The proposed approach improves over two different baseline algorithms in specific settings with statistical significance, while showing consistently good results overall. Moreover, the proposed solution is robust to limited communication and robot failures.
Digital connectivity – loosely defined as connecting people through digital means promises to enhance our quality of life, as envisaged in Japan’s ‘Society 5.0’, which aims to spur economic growth and solve social problems digitally. On the other hand, digital connectivity also creates challenges and demands a quest for optimum equilibrium between economic growth and national as well as human security. The COVID-19 pandemic which erupted in late 2019 has accelerated world dependence on digital connectivity in order to sustain human contact. Digital means have allowed us to continue our lives, work and pleasure connections, and have simultaneously expanded digital risks at home and globally. The COVID-19 scenario has also demonstrated how digital technology can even threaten our sovereignty and basic values such as freedom, democracy, privacy, human rights and dignity. Japan and the EU approach the digital age with a common emphasis on leading standards to set and promote a human-centred digital connectivity. The two zones can cooperate bilaterally and beyond in responding to challenges on digital connectivity, as is stipulated in three key documents, namely Japan-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), Japan-EU Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) and Japan-EU Partnership
This repository includes two datasets used in Ranghetti et al. (2018) and Ranghetti & Boschetti (2022) to analyse the magnitude of a decreasing trend in the extent of submerged rice paddies during the rice-sowing period in the Italian rice district: methods used to generate these data from MODIS remote sensing imagery are described in these papers.
Iniziativa social di Istituto #ISPConAIR effettuato il 25 febbraio 2021 sulla piattaforma Zoom. Attualmente riproducibile sul canale YouTube ISPC. From the Digitalisation to the Virtual Reconstruction and Sound Simulation of Ancient Musical Instruments: Methods, Results, Perspectives. How might using computational methods for processing the 3D models allow for a more accurate analysis of surfaces, volumes, internal structures, and density of materials of ancient instruments? How might these methods enable a non-invasive study of the instruments' measurements and morphology, overcoming the limitations posed by their fragility? These are the topics of the webinar "From the Digitalisation to the Virtual Reconstruction and Sound Simulation of Ancient Musical Instruments: Methods, Results, Perspectives" which will take place on Thursday, 25th February 2021 on Zoom. This webinar aims to discuss how digital technologies based on 3D modelling and sound simulation can expand our knowledge of ancient musical instruments. As it has emerged from the STESICHOROS project - which has been funded by the European Commission's Marie Sk?odowska-Curie Actions programme -, studies on 3D virtual reconstructions and sound simulations can help us in defining novel approaches and methodologies not only for the "active preservation" of musical instruments, but also in enriching our understanding of ancient music and musical cultural heritage. Although reconstructions cannot tell us unequivocally how ancient users and audiences perceived the sounds of these instruments, they offer the chance to break through the time barrier by reviving sound emissions. By combining optical metrology with computational analysis, some of the subjective observations on ancient instruments can be substituted by measurable parameters, opening up new perspectives for the study of sounds and the artisan production process of ancient instruments. Moreover, the webinar aims to explore the ancient sonic interactions and the spatial configuration of sanctuaries and theatres in their respective landscapes and environment in order to investigate the use of auralisation technology in the archaeological field, as well as experimental interpretative 3D reconstruction integrating acoustic models. These topics will be addressed through the contributions of scholars working in various fields, including: archaeology, archaeomusicology, information engineering, interactive museums, musical heritage, physics, and virtual heritage. The programme of the webinar here: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Nmg9CUDX3cBnYwRjlmlGzBX3rp0COQsc/view?usp=sharing The event: https://www.eventbrite.it/e/ancient-musical-instruments-methods-results-perspectives-tickets-139650042035#
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