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  • Rural Digital Europe
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Berntsson, Mathias; Vernersson Krook, Gustaf; Thunberg, Karl-Johan;

    Efterfrågan av energi ökar på grund av den ökande globaliseringen i världen. För att transmittera och distribuera elektrisk effekt används transformatorer. ABB Power Grids AB är världsledande inom produktion av transmissionskomponenter däribland högspänningstransformatorer. Transformatorer är tidskrävande och komplext att tillverka vilket har lett till att all produktion hos ABB Power Grids idag sker manuellt. En av transformatorns mer framstående komponenter är kärnan som bidrar med en effektivare reglering till mindre förluster. Kärnan konstrueras av tusentals tunna elektroplåtar som staplas omlott på varandra och vävs ihop till en sammanhängande struktur, detta enligt ett kärnläggningsmönster. Plåtarna i sig är otympliga att hantera då de är långa, tunna och vassa. Manuell stackning av elektroplåtar har visat sig ge upphov till en del skador då lyften är många och slitsamma, därtill har plåtarna legat till grund för otäcka skärskador. I och med detta har ett intresse för automation väckts i hopp om att reducera arbetsskador. Vid första anblick kan kärnläggningen anses vara perfekt för automation då arbetsmomentet är enkelt och repetitiva. Incitamentet för automation ökar ytterligare i hänseende till arbetsmiljön. Komplikationerna uppstår när arbetet bryts ner. Under ytan är det en utstuderad process där krav på produkt är höga med strikta toleranser. Därtill har arbetet beskrivits som något man behöver en viss känsla för då arbetet anpassas genom hela processen. Detta försvårar automation betydligt då dagens tillverkningsprocess är svår att fullt ut härma med robotar eller portaler. Därför behövs avgränsningar behöver göras för att hitta avvägning mellan slitsamt arbete och finess. Området för automation begränsas därför till stackningsprocessen. Genom att fokusera på stackningen flyttas de slitsamma och farliga lyften från manuell arbetskraft till automation samtidigt som kontroll, justering och slutmontage behålls manuellt. På så sätt kan produktionen av transformatorkärnor göras lämpad för automation då det allra mest tidskrävande momenten inte behöver utföras av människan. Detta är innebär emellertid inte att automation görs utan svårigheter. Kärnornas storlekar samt den precision som krävs vid läggning sätter höga krav på den automationslösning som ska implementeras. För att en automationslösning ska klara av att stacka alla de typer av kärnor som idag tillverkas på ABB Power Grids kommer stora strukturer behöva upprättas för att utföra arbeten med extrem precision. Detta sätter höga noggrannhetskrav på de automationsmodeller som upprättas. Vidare, produktionsområdet där automation idag avses är väl utstakat och anpassat efter manuellt arbete. Detta innebär att automationsmodeller som idag finns på marknaden behöver omarbetas för att passa in i dagens produktion hos ABB Power Grids. Slutligen måste frågan ställas om modifierade lösningar kan göras noggranna nog eller om större ingrepp på produktionsområden behövs göras. I förstudien presenteras olika automationsmodeller som har utvecklats för att integreras hos ABB Power Grids, dessa är Portalmodeller, Länkarmsmodeller och Inmatningsmodeller. Utformningsförslagen har sedan analyserats och jämförts för att ge ABB PG ett utgångsläge för vidareutveckling av automatisering av stackningsmomentet. Resultatet blev fem automationsmodeller, två använder sig av länkarmsrobotar och tre är portaler. Vidare så har två automatiserade inmatningsmodeller upprättats för att ytterligare reducera den manuella hanteringen av elektroplåtar. ABB Power Grids rekommenderas att inledningsvis gå vidare med Robotmodell 1.

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    Authors: Kootala, Sujit;

    Real estate lags behind other industrial sectors in technology adoption and digitalization of its products and services. The current qualitative study looks at the digitalization efforts in a major German real estate firm – RealT Group. The firm, through its activities in real estate, aims to promote value-added digital products and services to new and existing customers. To facilitate this study structured study, the research proposes a key question: How can real estate organizations adapt and implement innovation diffusion to provide value, and improve the accessibility of financial products for real estate investors? Further, the study aims to identify factors that play a role in the digitalization of the sector and to better understand the underlying reasons for the lag in the adoption of digital technologies. The proposed questions are answered using three theoretical frameworks that look at the diffusion of innovation, technology adoption by users, and by relevant stakeholders in the firm. Analysis of the generated data reveals several key factors retarding digitalization. Key amongst them is the seniority in the age of employees and investors, which makes them reluctant to change the existing workflow. However, younger employees and investors are more engaged with digital change and welcome the infusion of digital technologies. Prior user experiences play a key role in the adoption of new technologies. Top-down infusion of new technologies by senior management was accepted albeit with reservations. Technology was better accepted where solution providers engaged the employees and stakeholders from the beginning and allowed trials for some time. It was observed that when the firm facilitated these conditions, the chances of successful adoption were significantly higher. Complexity in technological solutions meant that employees and investors needed to reskill themselves; something the employees were ready to do if it improved their chances of career progression The size and reach of the firm through its products and services and employees with prior experience in the sector point to important industry-wide findings: high-net-worth investors are older, prefer to work in secrecy through middlemen and avoid complex solutions to the investment workflow. However, reducing the barrier to entry might reveal that younger investors with better technological skills could speed up the digitalization process.

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    Authors: Davies Jones, Gregory Marcel;

     A surface characterisation of the Arnager Greensand in south Sweden, a deep saline aquifer found to be suitable for geological storage of CO2 or energy storage, was undertaken in this thesis. Vintage seismic reflection data only available as scanned tiff images of the final stacked sections were digitized and processed using modern interpretation software to provide new insights into the morphology of the Arnager Greensand and to analyse the reservoir’s potential as an energy storage unit. The primary energy storage method discussed and evaluated was Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES). This is a modern energy storage method developed as a tool for regulating inherently intermittent renewable energy sources. Such methods are key to the growth of the renewable sector and for providing a competitive alternative to fossil fuels. Moreover, in comparison with other energy storage methods such as battery storage, CAES is known to have strong potential to deliver highperformance energy storage at large scales for relatively low costs compared with any other solution. Previous studies conducted in the 1980’s by Swedegas produced a 2D isochrone surface map of the Arnager Greensand by hand interpolation methods utilizing analogue data collected by Oljeprospektering AB (OPAB, currently Svenska Petroleum). The Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) has now transferred a vast amount of the historical OPAB dataset to modern digital format. This thesis contributes to those efforts and seeks to find new interpretations from the vintage data. A more comprehensive 3D model of the top of the Arnager Greensand employing the application of modern interpretation software was produced in this study. Strong similarities between morphology and dip-trend have been observed between the surface model generated in this report and the historical Swedegas isochrone surface map. Reservoir properties such as thickness, porosity and permeability gleaned from the earlier reports show the Arnager Greensand to exhibit excellent potential as a storage unit. Preliminary effective capacity estimates by Nordic CCS Competence centre show the Aranger Greensand to be one of the top three storage aquifers in Sweden. These positive appraisals highlight the need for a better characterization of the Aranger Greensand through data digitization and modern interpretation means. This thesis contributes to that endeavour.

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    Authors: Eka, Emilia; Horn Olsson, Carl;

    Regulations, digitalisation, and other megatrends influence many parts of society, not least the audit profession, and it is essential for the profession as well as the role of the auditor, to adapt to the changes and new requirements. It is inevitable for audit firms not to be exposed to digitalisation, and the Big Four (audit firms) are changing their identities. They are investing large amounts in data analytics and artificial intelligence. This study aims to analyse the auditor's perception of their role. This study builds on previous knowledge regarding e.g., digitalisation and auditing; however, previous research tends to have earlier periods in focus, and research on digitalisation and auditing is still limited and does not usually have the auditor's perception in focus. Therefore, this study contributes to the prevailing research by studying the effects of social changes on the auditor's perception of their role. A qualitative approach was used, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with auditors from PwC with at least ten years of experience in the profession. The results indicate, among other things, that social changes such as regulations, digitalisation and market expectations drive change within the profession. It further points to the fact that social changes affect the auditor's work, leading to a shift in the auditor's perception of their role towards it becoming standardised. 

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: August, Tynong;

    This thesis investigates solutions to automate a lab process and give the customer basis for investment. An analysis of the current lab process and interviews with the staff were performed to set requirements for an automated solution. The customer wants to perform an analysis on a large number of combinations between antibiotics and bacteria. The issues that an automated solution is not able to handle were identified for the customer. A market analysis of existing solutions was preformed and contact was established with different suppliers. The suggested products were evaluated by performance and if they would be able to adapt to the process. The evaluation shows that with the same number of working hours the customer can increase the productivity with 6.7 times using a semi-automated system and a fully-automated system will result in an increase of 18.3 times. A guidance of how the customer will implement the system is described in the report. The report shows that an automated solution will make their process more efficient.

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    Authors: Andersson, Cajsa-Stina;

    Under lång tid har mayafolkets landskap, av arkeologer, ansetts vara homogent. Detta har bidragit till tolkningen att det förhållande som mayabefolkningen hade till sin urbana levnadsmiljö respektive omgivande topografi, likväl som förhållande till det kulturella livet har sett likadant ut oberoende av region. I realiteten är det naturliga landskapet i Mesoamerika heterogent, vilket då även resulterar i urbana och kulturella skillnader mellan regionerna. I denna uppsats kommer undersökas och diskuteras de skillnader som finns mellan de olika mayakulturerna och hur detta kan ha påverkat jordbruket inom regionerna. Dessutom kommer regionerna jämföras med avseende på potentiella skillnader i kultur likväl som rumsliga skillnader i topografi och det urbana landskapet. Den klassiska tidsepoken (250-950 e.Kr.) kommer vara i fokus, men som referenspunkter och med grund i att olika städer uppstod vid olika epoker kommer även andra tidsperioder att behandlas i uppsatsen. Denna uppsats är baserad på litteratur studier och är en kvalitativ undersökning.

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    Authors: Brittelund, Alexander; Liljefors, Oskar;

    Digitalisering präglar dagens samhälle, och då allt fler konsumenter blir digitaliserade framkommer fler incitament för företag att följa den digitala utvecklingen samt ta del av de nya möjligheterna. Digitalisering kan dock vara problematiskt att implementera i en verksamhet och lever inte alltid upp till företagets förväntningar. Företagens omgivning är under ständig förändring, och icke-finansiella mål, så som hållbarhet och image, blir allt viktigare mål att fokusera på för att uppnå finansiella mål. Uppsatsen avser att undersöka hur företag som bedriver butiksverksamhet kan påverkas av att införa digital teknik i verksamheten, och svara på frågeställningen: Hur kan digitalisering i en butiksverksamhet bidra till att förverkliga företagets mål? Syftet med undersökningen är att ge en inblick i hur digitalisering i butiksverksamheter kan påverka företag. För att undersöka detta har den empiriska inriktningen avgränsats till ett aktuellt digitaliseringsprojekt: digital kvittohantering. Inriktningen uppkom efter mindre förstudier som gjordes för att förstå huruvida det kan finnas en problematik i den svenska butikshandeln kring papperskvittohantering. Undersökningen bygger på en fallstudie som utfördes på företagen Axfood och Findity. Både företagen utvecklar och erbjuder, eller kommer att erbjuda, digitala kvittotjänster till sina kunder. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer användes för att få en mer djupgående beskrivning om hur företagen utvecklar sina digitala kvittotjänster. Sekundärdata har även använts, dels Axfoods årsredovisning, för att förstå vad företagets mål med digitalisering är, dels en kalkyl från Findity för att få en inblick om hur effekterna av digital kvittohantering kan jämföras mot papperskvittohantering. Den teoretiska referensramen utgår ifrån 4 dimensioner som bör beaktas i digitaliseringsstrategier i företag: Användandet av teknik, Förändringar i värdeerbjudandet, Strukturella förändringar samt Finansiella aspekter. Resultatet av studien visar att båda fallföretagen avser att påverka icke-finansiella aspekter med digitala kvittotjänster. Dock föreligger det skillnad mellan fallföretagen, dels i utformningen av tjänsterna, dels i den förutspådda påverkan som de digitala kvittotjänsterna kan påverka företagen finansiellt. Slutsatser som dras från undersökningen är att digitaliseringens påverkan på ett företag beror på hur digitaliseringsprojekten utformas, och utan starka finansiella incitament från ett visst digitaliseringsprojekt kan detta avfärdas eller skjutas fram, och andra digitaliseringsprojekt kan prioriteras. Digitala kvittotjänster kan, beroende på utformning och omfattning i verksamheten, bidra till att uppfylla finansiella såväl som icke-finansiella mål, men är mest förknippat med icke-finansiella faktorer. Digitalization creates opportunities as well as possible threats for companies, whether they choose to implement it into their businesses or not. As demands from stakeholders and markets develop in line with new digital ingenuity companies have further reasons to adapt to these changes and adapt to the increasing non-financial demands from their stakeholders. This paper aims to give the reader an understanding on how company strategies and objectives can be achieved through retail businesses with digitalization in the sales process. Our theoretical framework explains four primary dimensions for digital transformation strategies, where both internal and external factors of the company need to be evaluated. It is also important to identify, understand, and address market and primary stakeholders needs during this process. Empirical research in the form of a case study have been conducted and focused on two companies that develops and offer digital receipts to their customers. The conclusion of this study is that companies can use digitalization, and digital receipts, in their business to aid their strategies and objectives. How financial and non-financial objectives are met depends on its extent in both development and implementation.

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    Authors: Al-Chalabi, Mustafa; Bahram, Lawand;

    The Swedish banking industry has long been at the forefront when it comes to digital leadership. Currently, this industry is starting to fall behind other industries, and a closer look at the industry reveals that niche banks are having less trouble with adapting new technologies than bigger banks. There are a lot of studies on specific digitalisation areas within banking but nothing comprehensive about the strategies required for digital transformation within the banking industry. As the research area is new, there is little previous research on digital transformation by today’s standards. Therefore, the centralquestion in this thesis is “What do respondents in the Swedish banking industry think that the most important factors of digitalisation for customer experience are and what the consequences of digitalisation might be?” to find out what affects the digital strategies of a sample of Swedish banks. To answer the research question, semi-structured interviews with relevant profiles in the banking industry dealing with digitalisation and strategy at a management level were conducted. The interviews were conducted with five respondents from four different banks. In combination of this research method, the research strategy Case Study was implemented. The results revealed that digitalisation is in high focus amongst all the responding banks, for various reasons. The reasons can be seen as roughly divided into two categories, internal reasons and external reasons. The internal reasons have to do with streamlining current internal processes and creating more available resources for other projects. The external reasons were all towards improving customer experience. To improve customer experience, personalisation of the digital products and services is a key factor. However, personalisation is not without risk, as it may fail to be personalised enough for the banks’ customers if the personalisation is attempted towards a too wide customer segment. Some of the banks are operating 100% digitally, meaning that they do not have any physical bank offices for customers to visit, and thus all their work then becomes in one way or another digital work. The banking and finance industry is continually changing, and legal factors play a significant role. Not only do these legal factors affect how banks work internally, they also affect the competitiveness of the various actors and with it, how much digitalisation can affect. The thesis concludes that digital transformation is heavily influencing the strategies of banks in the Swedish banking industry through customer needs, competition and legal factors. Den svenska banksektorn har länge varit i framkant när det kommer till digitala ledarskap. Dock, så har denna sektor för närvarande börjat halka efter andra branscher, och en närmare titt på branschen visar att nischbanker har mindre utmaningar när det kommer till att anpassa efter ny teknologi än större banker. Det finns många studier om särskilda digitaliseringsområden inom banksektorn men inget omfattande om de strategier som krävs för digital transformation inom banksektorn. Eftersom att forskningsområdet är nytt, så finns det mindre tidigare forskning på digital transformation i dagens benämning. Därför är den centrala frågan i denna avhandling “Vad anser respondenter i den svenska banksektorn att deviktigaste faktorerna för digitalisering för kundupplevelse är och vilka konsekvenserna avdigitalisering kan vara?” för att ta reda på vad som påverkar digitala strategier hos ett urval av svenska banker. För att besvara forskningsfrågan, genomfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med relevanta profiler inom banksektorn som arbetar med digitalisering och strategi på en ledningsnivå. Intervjuerna var utförda med fem respondenter från fyra olika banker. I kombination med denna forskningsmetod, implementerades forskningsstrategin Fallstudie. Resultaten visade att digitalisering är i fokus bland de responderande bankerna, av olika skäl. Skälen kan ses som grovt indelat i två kategorier, interna skäl och externa skäl. De interna skälen har att göra med att effektivisera nuvarande interna processer och skapa mer tillgängliga resurser för andra projekt. De externa skälen var alla mot kunden, för att i ett eller annat sätt förbättra kundupplevelsen. För att förbättra kundupplevelsen så ligger fokus på personalisering av de digitala produkterna och tjänsterna. Dock har personalisering sina risker. Det kan misslyckas om organisationen försöker personalisera mot en större kundgrupp och därmed inte nå upp den nivå av personalisering som krävs av de olika kundsegmenten. Vissa banker bedrivs 100% digitalt, vilket innebär att de inte har några fysiska bankkontor för kunder att besöka, och därmed är deras arbete på ett sätt eller ett annat sätt digitalt arbete. Bank och finansbranschen förändras ständigt, och juridiska faktorer spelar en betydande roll i denna kontinuerliga förändring. Inte nog med att de juridiska faktorerna påverkar hur banker fungerar internt, så påverkar de även konkurrenskraften hos de olika aktörerna och med det, hur mycket digitaliseringen kan påverka. Studiens slutsats är att digital transformation påverkar kraftigt strategierna hos banker i Sverige genom kundbehov, konkurrens och juridiska faktorer.

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    Authors: Winbäck, Ulrika;
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    Authors: Jorsback, Katarina;

    To make wave power more competitive on the market Uppsala University leads projects that examine how to accomplish better efficiency in the production. One of these projects is described in this report and examines whether it is possible to make the production of dovetails more efficient by using an industry robot of type ABB IRB6000 S3 M91. This project is using an already presented working method, from a previous project, which involves that the robot picks up the dovetail and moves against fixed cutting machines where the dovetail will be drilled, threaded and milled. Drilling and threading are the sub operations that will be examined in this project where experiments are made with the presented working method and with equipment from Uppsala University. Experiments show whether it is possible to drill the holes in the dovetail within specifications by using the specific robot and the presented working method. The threading operation is examined theoretically if it is possible to accomplish by using the same working method. A tool for the robot is constructed so that the robot can pick up the dovetail and hold it though all the cutting operations. The functions of the tool are evaluated. In this project a working station for drilling and threading is also presented with external fixtures that are adjusted to fit the designs of the used dovetails. Using the specific robot and the presented working method in the experiment, a result within the specifications could be obtained in the processing rate. In the terms of time the result was not within desired limits, although the time of the process with the experiment setup could be reduced. It is reasonable to use the same working method for the threading operation. The prototype of the tool for the robot was able to pick up the dovetail and take the different working positions; however the tool should be tested in operation with external fixtures for further evaluation. 

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    Authors: Berntsson, Mathias; Vernersson Krook, Gustaf; Thunberg, Karl-Johan;

    Efterfrågan av energi ökar på grund av den ökande globaliseringen i världen. För att transmittera och distribuera elektrisk effekt används transformatorer. ABB Power Grids AB är världsledande inom produktion av transmissionskomponenter däribland högspänningstransformatorer. Transformatorer är tidskrävande och komplext att tillverka vilket har lett till att all produktion hos ABB Power Grids idag sker manuellt. En av transformatorns mer framstående komponenter är kärnan som bidrar med en effektivare reglering till mindre förluster. Kärnan konstrueras av tusentals tunna elektroplåtar som staplas omlott på varandra och vävs ihop till en sammanhängande struktur, detta enligt ett kärnläggningsmönster. Plåtarna i sig är otympliga att hantera då de är långa, tunna och vassa. Manuell stackning av elektroplåtar har visat sig ge upphov till en del skador då lyften är många och slitsamma, därtill har plåtarna legat till grund för otäcka skärskador. I och med detta har ett intresse för automation väckts i hopp om att reducera arbetsskador. Vid första anblick kan kärnläggningen anses vara perfekt för automation då arbetsmomentet är enkelt och repetitiva. Incitamentet för automation ökar ytterligare i hänseende till arbetsmiljön. Komplikationerna uppstår när arbetet bryts ner. Under ytan är det en utstuderad process där krav på produkt är höga med strikta toleranser. Därtill har arbetet beskrivits som något man behöver en viss känsla för då arbetet anpassas genom hela processen. Detta försvårar automation betydligt då dagens tillverkningsprocess är svår att fullt ut härma med robotar eller portaler. Därför behövs avgränsningar behöver göras för att hitta avvägning mellan slitsamt arbete och finess. Området för automation begränsas därför till stackningsprocessen. Genom att fokusera på stackningen flyttas de slitsamma och farliga lyften från manuell arbetskraft till automation samtidigt som kontroll, justering och slutmontage behålls manuellt. På så sätt kan produktionen av transformatorkärnor göras lämpad för automation då det allra mest tidskrävande momenten inte behöver utföras av människan. Detta är innebär emellertid inte att automation görs utan svårigheter. Kärnornas storlekar samt den precision som krävs vid läggning sätter höga krav på den automationslösning som ska implementeras. För att en automationslösning ska klara av att stacka alla de typer av kärnor som idag tillverkas på ABB Power Grids kommer stora strukturer behöva upprättas för att utföra arbeten med extrem precision. Detta sätter höga noggrannhetskrav på de automationsmodeller som upprättas. Vidare, produktionsområdet där automation idag avses är väl utstakat och anpassat efter manuellt arbete. Detta innebär att automationsmodeller som idag finns på marknaden behöver omarbetas för att passa in i dagens produktion hos ABB Power Grids. Slutligen måste frågan ställas om modifierade lösningar kan göras noggranna nog eller om större ingrepp på produktionsområden behövs göras. I förstudien presenteras olika automationsmodeller som har utvecklats för att integreras hos ABB Power Grids, dessa är Portalmodeller, Länkarmsmodeller och Inmatningsmodeller. Utformningsförslagen har sedan analyserats och jämförts för att ge ABB PG ett utgångsläge för vidareutveckling av automatisering av stackningsmomentet. Resultatet blev fem automationsmodeller, två använder sig av länkarmsrobotar och tre är portaler. Vidare så har två automatiserade inmatningsmodeller upprättats för att ytterligare reducera den manuella hanteringen av elektroplåtar. ABB Power Grids rekommenderas att inledningsvis gå vidare med Robotmodell 1.

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    Authors: Kootala, Sujit;

    Real estate lags behind other industrial sectors in technology adoption and digitalization of its products and services. The current qualitative study looks at the digitalization efforts in a major German real estate firm – RealT Group. The firm, through its activities in real estate, aims to promote value-added digital products and services to new and existing customers. To facilitate this study structured study, the research proposes a key question: How can real estate organizations adapt and implement innovation diffusion to provide value, and improve the accessibility of financial products for real estate investors? Further, the study aims to identify factors that play a role in the digitalization of the sector and to better understand the underlying reasons for the lag in the adoption of digital technologies. The proposed questions are answered using three theoretical frameworks that look at the diffusion of innovation, technology adoption by users, and by relevant stakeholders in the firm. Analysis of the generated data reveals several key factors retarding digitalization. Key amongst them is the seniority in the age of employees and investors, which makes them reluctant to change the existing workflow. However, younger employees and investors are more engaged with digital change and welcome the infusion of digital technologies. Prior user experiences play a key role in the adoption of new technologies. Top-down infusion of new technologies by senior management was accepted albeit with reservations. Technology was better accepted where solution providers engaged the employees and stakeholders from the beginning and allowed trials for some time. It was observed that when the firm facilitated these conditions, the chances of successful adoption were significantly higher. Complexity in technological solutions meant that employees and investors needed to reskill themselves; something the employees were ready to do if it improved their chances of career progression The size and reach of the firm through its products and services and employees with prior experience in the sector point to important industry-wide findings: high-net-worth investors are older, prefer to work in secrecy through middlemen and avoid complex solutions to the investment workflow. However, reducing the barrier to entry might reveal that younger investors with better technological skills could speed up the digitalization process.

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    Authors: Davies Jones, Gregory Marcel;

     A surface characterisation of the Arnager Greensand in south Sweden, a deep saline aquifer found to be suitable for geological storage of CO2 or energy storage, was undertaken in this thesis. Vintage seismic reflection data only available as scanned tiff images of the final stacked sections were digitized and processed using modern interpretation software to provide new insights into the morphology of the Arnager Greensand and to analyse the reservoir’s potential as an energy storage unit. The primary energy storage method discussed and evaluated was Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES). This is a modern energy storage method developed as a tool for regulating inherently intermittent renewable energy sources. Such methods are key to the growth of the renewable sector and for providing a competitive alternative to fossil fuels. Moreover, in comparison with other energy storage methods such as battery storage, CAES is known to have strong potential to deliver highperformance energy storage at large scales for relatively low costs compared with any other solution. Previous studies conducted in the 1980’s by Swedegas produced a 2D isochrone surface map of the Arnager Greensand by hand interpolation methods utilizing analogue data collected by Oljeprospektering AB (OPAB, currently Svenska Petroleum). The Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) has now transferred a vast amount of the historical OPAB dataset to modern digital format. This thesis contributes to those efforts and seeks to find new interpretations from the vintage data. A more comprehensive 3D model of the top of the Arnager Greensand employing the application of modern interpretation software was produced in this study. Strong similarities between morphology and dip-trend have been observed between the surface model generated in this report and the historical Swedegas isochrone surface map. Reservoir properties such as thickness, porosity and permeability gleaned from the earlier reports show the Arnager Greensand to exhibit excellent potential as a storage unit. Preliminary effective capacity estimates by Nordic CCS Competence centre show the Aranger Greensand to be one of the top three storage aquifers in Sweden. These positive appraisals highlight the need for a better characterization of the Aranger Greensand through data digitization and modern interpretation means. This thesis contributes to that endeavour.

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    Authors: Eka, Emilia; Horn Olsson, Carl;

    Regulations, digitalisation, and other megatrends influence many parts of society, not least the audit profession, and it is essential for the profession as well as the role of the auditor, to adapt to the changes and new requirements. It is inevitable for audit firms not to be exposed to digitalisation, and the Big Four (audit firms) are changing their identities. They are investing large amounts in data analytics and artificial intelligence. This study aims to analyse the auditor's perception of their role. This study builds on previous knowledge regarding e.g., digitalisation and auditing; however, previous research tends to have earlier periods in focus, and research on digitalisation and auditing is still limited and does not usually have the auditor's perception in focus. Therefore, this study contributes to the prevailing research by studying the effects of social changes on the auditor's perception of their role. A qualitative approach was used, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with auditors from PwC with at least ten years of experience in the profession. The results indicate, among other things, that social changes such as regulations, digitalisation and market expectations drive change within the profession. It further points to the fact that social changes affect the auditor's work, leading to a shift in the auditor's perception of their role towards it becoming standardised. 

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    Authors: August, Tynong;

    This thesis investigates solutions to automate a lab process and give the customer basis for investment. An analysis of the current lab process and interviews with the staff were performed to set requirements for an automated solution. The customer wants to perform an analysis on a large number of combinations between antibiotics and bacteria. The issues that an automated solution is not able to handle were identified for the customer. A market analysis of existing solutions was preformed and contact was established with different suppliers. The suggested products were evaluated by performance and if they would be able to adapt to the process. The evaluation shows that with the same number of working hours the customer can increase the productivity with 6.7 times using a semi-automated system and a fully-automated system will result in an increase of 18.3 times. A guidance of how the customer will implement the system is described in the report. The report shows that an automated solution will make their process more efficient.

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    Authors: Andersson, Cajsa-Stina;

    Under lång tid har mayafolkets landskap, av arkeologer, ansetts vara homogent. Detta har bidragit till tolkningen att det förhållande som mayabefolkningen hade till sin urbana levnadsmiljö respektive omgivande topografi, likväl som förhållande till det kulturella livet har sett likadant ut oberoende av region. I realiteten är det naturliga landskapet i Mesoamerika heterogent, vilket då även resulterar i urbana och kulturella skillnader mellan regionerna. I denna uppsats kommer undersökas och diskuteras de skillnader som finns mellan de olika mayakulturerna och hur detta kan ha påverkat jordbruket inom regionerna. Dessutom kommer regionerna jämföras med avseende på potentiella skillnader i kultur likväl som rumsliga skillnader i topografi och det urbana landskapet. Den klassiska tidsepoken (250-950 e.Kr.) kommer vara i fokus, men som referenspunkter och med grund i att olika städer uppstod vid olika epoker kommer även andra tidsperioder att behandlas i uppsatsen. Denna uppsats är baserad på litteratur studier och är en kvalitativ undersökning.

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    Authors: Brittelund, Alexander; Liljefors, Oskar;

    Digitalisering präglar dagens samhälle, och då allt fler konsumenter blir digitaliserade framkommer fler incitament för företag att följa den digitala utvecklingen samt ta del av de nya möjligheterna. Digitalisering kan dock vara problematiskt att implementera i en verksamhet och lever inte alltid upp till företagets förväntningar. Företagens omgivning är under ständig förändring, och icke-finansiella mål, så som hållbarhet och image, blir allt viktigare mål att fokusera på för att uppnå finansiella mål. Uppsatsen avser att undersöka hur företag som bedriver butiksverksamhet kan påverkas av att införa digital teknik i verksamheten, och svara på frågeställningen: Hur kan digitalisering i en butiksverksamhet bidra till att förverkliga företagets mål? Syftet med undersökningen är att ge en inblick i hur digitalisering i butiksverksamheter kan påverka företag. För att undersöka detta har den empiriska inriktningen avgränsats till ett aktuellt digitaliseringsprojekt: digital kvittohantering. Inriktningen uppkom efter mindre förstudier som gjordes för att förstå huruvida det kan finnas en problematik i den svenska butikshandeln kring papperskvittohantering. Undersökningen bygger på en fallstudie som utfördes på företagen Axfood och Findity. Både företagen utvecklar och erbjuder, eller kommer att erbjuda, digitala kvittotjänster till sina kunder. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer användes för att få en mer djupgående beskrivning om hur företagen utvecklar sina digitala kvittotjänster. Sekundärdata har även använts, dels Axfoods årsredovisning, för att förstå vad företagets mål med digitalisering är, dels en kalkyl från Findity för att få en inblick om hur effekterna av digital kvittohantering kan jämföras mot papperskvittohantering. Den teoretiska referensramen utgår ifrån 4 dimensioner som bör beaktas i digitaliseringsstrategier i företag: Användandet av teknik, Förändringar i värdeerbjudandet, Strukturella förändringar samt Finansiella aspekter. Resultatet av studien visar att båda fallföretagen avser att påverka icke-finansiella aspekter med digitala kvittotjänster. Dock föreligger det skillnad mellan fallföretagen, dels i utformningen av tjänsterna, dels i den förutspådda påverkan som de digitala kvittotjänsterna kan påverka företagen finansiellt. Slutsatser som dras från undersökningen är att digitaliseringens påverkan på ett företag beror på hur digitaliseringsprojekten utformas, och utan starka finansiella incitament från ett visst digitaliseringsprojekt kan detta avfärdas eller skjutas fram, och andra digitaliseringsprojekt kan prioriteras. Digitala kvittotjänster kan, beroende på utformning och omfattning i verksamheten, bidra till att uppfylla finansiella såväl som icke-finansiella mål, men är mest förknippat med icke-finansiella faktorer. Digitalization creates opportunities as well as possible threats for companies, whether they choose to implement it into their businesses or not. As demands from stakeholders and markets develop in line with new digital ingenuity companies have further reasons to adapt to these changes and adapt to the increasing non-financial demands from their stakeholders. This paper aims to give the reader an understanding on how company strategies and objectives can be achieved through retail businesses with digitalization in the sales process. Our theoretical framework explains four primary dimensions for digital transformation strategies, where both internal and external factors of the company need to be evaluated. It is also important to identify, understand, and address market and primary stakeholders needs during this process. Empirical research in the form of a case study have been conducted and focused on two companies that develops and offer digital receipts to their customers. The conclusion of this study is that companies can use digitalization, and digital receipts, in their business to aid their strategies and objectives. How financial and non-financial objectives are met depends on its extent in both development and implementation.

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    Authors: Al-Chalabi, Mustafa; Bahram, Lawand;

    The Swedish banking industry has long been at the forefront when it comes to digital leadership. Currently, this industry is starting to fall behind other industries, and a closer look at the industry reveals that niche banks are having less trouble with adapting new technologies than bigger banks. There are a lot of studies on specific digitalisation areas within banking but nothing comprehensive about the strategies required for digital transformation within the banking industry. As the research area is new, there is little previous research on digital transformation by today’s standards. Therefore, the centralquestion in this thesis is “What do respondents in the Swedish banking industry think that the most important factors of digitalisation for customer experience are and what the consequences of digitalisation might be?” to find out what affects the digital strategies of a sample of Swedish banks. To answer the research question, semi-structured interviews with relevant profiles in the banking industry dealing with digitalisation and strategy at a management level were conducted. The interviews were conducted with five respondents from four different banks. In combination of this research method, the research strategy Case Study was implemented. The results revealed that digitalisation is in high focus amongst all the responding banks, for various reasons. The reasons can be seen as roughly divided into two categories, internal reasons and external reasons. The internal reasons have to do with streamlining current internal processes and creating more available resources for other projects. The external reasons were all towards improving customer experience. To improve customer experience, personalisation of the digital products and services is a key factor. However, personalisation is not without risk, as it may fail to be personalised enough for the banks’ customers if the personalisation is attempted towards a too wide customer segment. Some of the banks are operating 100% digitally, meaning that they do not have any physical bank offices for customers to visit, and thus all their work then becomes in one way or another digital work. The banking and finance industry is continually changing, and legal factors play a significant role. Not only do these legal factors affect how banks work internally, they also affect the competitiveness of the various actors and with it, how much digitalisation can affect. The thesis concludes that digital transformation is heavily influencing the strategies of banks in the Swedish banking industry through customer needs, competition and legal factors. Den svenska banksektorn har länge varit i framkant när det kommer till digitala ledarskap. Dock, så har denna sektor för närvarande börjat halka efter andra branscher, och en närmare titt på branschen visar att nischbanker har mindre utmaningar när det kommer till att anpassa efter ny teknologi än större banker. Det finns många studier om särskilda digitaliseringsområden inom banksektorn men inget omfattande om de strategier som krävs för digital transformation inom banksektorn. Eftersom att forskningsområdet är nytt, så finns det mindre tidigare forskning på digital transformation i dagens benämning. Därför är den centrala frågan i denna avhandling “Vad anser respondenter i den svenska banksektorn att deviktigaste faktorerna för digitalisering för kundupplevelse är och vilka konsekvenserna avdigitalisering kan vara?” för att ta reda på vad som påverkar digitala strategier hos ett urval av svenska banker. För att besvara forskningsfrågan, genomfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med relevanta profiler inom banksektorn som arbetar med digitalisering och strategi på en ledningsnivå. Intervjuerna var utförda med fem respondenter från fyra olika banker. I kombination med denna forskningsmetod, implementerades forskningsstrategin Fallstudie. Resultaten visade att digitalisering är i fokus bland de responderande bankerna, av olika skäl. Skälen kan ses som grovt indelat i två kategorier, interna skäl och externa skäl. De interna skälen har att göra med att effektivisera nuvarande interna processer och skapa mer tillgängliga resurser för andra projekt. De externa skälen var alla mot kunden, för att i ett eller annat sätt förbättra kundupplevelsen. För att förbättra kundupplevelsen så ligger fokus på personalisering av de digitala produkterna och tjänsterna. Dock har personalisering sina risker. Det kan misslyckas om organisationen försöker personalisera mot en större kundgrupp och därmed inte nå upp den nivå av personalisering som krävs av de olika kundsegmenten. Vissa banker bedrivs 100% digitalt, vilket innebär att de inte har några fysiska bankkontor för kunder att besöka, och därmed är deras arbete på ett sätt eller ett annat sätt digitalt arbete. Bank och finansbranschen förändras ständigt, och juridiska faktorer spelar en betydande roll i denna kontinuerliga förändring. Inte nog med att de juridiska faktorerna påverkar hur banker fungerar internt, så påverkar de även konkurrenskraften hos de olika aktörerna och med det, hur mycket digitaliseringen kan påverka. Studiens slutsats är att digital transformation påverkar kraftigt strategierna hos banker i Sverige genom kundbehov, konkurrens och juridiska faktorer.

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    Authors: Winbäck, Ulrika;
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    Thesis . 2021
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ResearchGate Data
      Thesis . 2021
      Data sources: Datacite
      addClaim

      This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

      You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product.
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Jorsback, Katarina;

    To make wave power more competitive on the market Uppsala University leads projects that examine how to accomplish better efficiency in the production. One of these projects is described in this report and examines whether it is possible to make the production of dovetails more efficient by using an industry robot of type ABB IRB6000 S3 M91. This project is using an already presented working method, from a previous project, which involves that the robot picks up the dovetail and moves against fixed cutting machines where the dovetail will be drilled, threaded and milled. Drilling and threading are the sub operations that will be examined in this project where experiments are made with the presented working method and with equipment from Uppsala University. Experiments show whether it is possible to drill the holes in the dovetail within specifications by using the specific robot and the presented working method. The threading operation is examined theoretically if it is possible to accomplish by using the same working method. A tool for the robot is constructed so that the robot can pick up the dovetail and hold it though all the cutting operations. The functions of the tool are evaluated. In this project a working station for drilling and threading is also presented with external fixtures that are adjusted to fit the designs of the used dovetails. Using the specific robot and the presented working method in the experiment, a result within the specifications could be obtained in the processing rate. In the terms of time the result was not within desired limits, although the time of the process with the experiment setup could be reduced. It is reasonable to use the same working method for the threading operation. The prototype of the tool for the robot was able to pick up the dovetail and take the different working positions; however the tool should be tested in operation with external fixtures for further evaluation. 

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/