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5 Research products, page 1 of 1

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  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Angela Bellia; Alfonsina Pagano;
    Country: Italy

    Iniziativa social di Istituto #ISPConAIR effettuato il 25 febbraio 2021 sulla piattaforma Zoom. Attualmente riproducibile sul canale YouTube ISPC. From the Digitalisation to the Virtual Reconstruction and Sound Simulation of Ancient Musical Instruments: Methods, Results, Perspectives. How might using computational methods for processing the 3D models allow for a more accurate analysis of surfaces, volumes, internal structures, and density of materials of ancient instruments? How might these methods enable a non-invasive study of the instruments' measurements and morphology, overcoming the limitations posed by their fragility? These are the topics of the webinar "From the Digitalisation to the Virtual Reconstruction and Sound Simulation of Ancient Musical Instruments: Methods, Results, Perspectives" which will take place on Thursday, 25th February 2021 on Zoom. This webinar aims to discuss how digital technologies based on 3D modelling and sound simulation can expand our knowledge of ancient musical instruments. As it has emerged from the STESICHOROS project - which has been funded by the European Commission's Marie Sk?odowska-Curie Actions programme -, studies on 3D virtual reconstructions and sound simulations can help us in defining novel approaches and methodologies not only for the "active preservation" of musical instruments, but also in enriching our understanding of ancient music and musical cultural heritage. Although reconstructions cannot tell us unequivocally how ancient users and audiences perceived the sounds of these instruments, they offer the chance to break through the time barrier by reviving sound emissions. By combining optical metrology with computational analysis, some of the subjective observations on ancient instruments can be substituted by measurable parameters, opening up new perspectives for the study of sounds and the artisan production process of ancient instruments. Moreover, the webinar aims to explore the ancient sonic interactions and the spatial configuration of sanctuaries and theatres in their respective landscapes and environment in order to investigate the use of auralisation technology in the archaeological field, as well as experimental interpretative 3D reconstruction integrating acoustic models. These topics will be addressed through the contributions of scholars working in various fields, including: archaeology, archaeomusicology, information engineering, interactive museums, musical heritage, physics, and virtual heritage. The programme of the webinar here: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Nmg9CUDX3cBnYwRjlmlGzBX3rp0COQsc/view?usp=sharing The event: https://www.eventbrite.it/e/ancient-musical-instruments-methods-results-perspectives-tickets-139650042035#

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Tamea, Stefania; Soligno, Irene; Tuninetti, Marta; Laio, Francesco;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | CWASI (647473), EC | CWASI (647473)

    The CWASI database is a unique and harmonized database of water footprint (WF) and virtual water trade (VWT) data in the period 1961-2016. The database includes hundreds of agricultural products among which are: crops, crop-derived products, livestock products, and livestock-derived, both edible and non-edible. The database has been developed within the EU-funded CWASI project.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2013
    Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Cavallo Eugenio;
    Country: Italy

    Current projections set the world population at nearly 9 billion humans by 2050. If our agriculture industry is going to feed the world's 9 billion people, we should care enough to do it safely, humanely and sustainably. The unprecedented, near-geometric population increase of the last two centuries has occurred based on multiple innovations (industrial, economic, technical, and social) that have sharply decreased infant and child mortality while simultaneously increasing life expectancy. Incorporating multiple agricultural innovations over the last one-half century, the Green Revolution has enabled the worldwide production of food to keep up with this sharp growth. However, some of these measures are dependent on energy from fossil fuel and large amount of water that may be difficult to sustain in the future and also may have untoward effects (including global climate change, water scarcity) that in turn could complicate future productivity. Application of sensor-based technologies to agriculture and forestry provide appropriate tools to increase production, extracting and recording dynamic information regarding plant, soil fertility status, animal health and behavior, assessment of water and nutrients, reducing the application of agro-chemicals and veterinary drugs, and increasing the use of environmental friendly agronomical and breeding practices, decreasing the depletion of natural resources and having lower labor input. The immediate results of application of these technologies is the reduction of costs, the increase of sustainability of agricultural industry reducing the foot-print of food, feed and bio-resources production through enhanced resource efficiency, safer and healthier food and feed, and better condition for agricultural and breeding workforce. The explosive technological advances and development in recent years enormously facilitates the attainment of these objectives removing many barriers for their implementation, including the reservations expressed by the farmers themselves. Agriculture is an emerging area where sensor-based technologies play an important role. Embedded (stomach, packaging, etc) remote sensors, various distance proximal (hand portable, machineries fitted, drone mounted ) remote sensors, and satellite remote sensors are fundamental for the following applications: ?Agro-meteorological data to exploit models and tools allowing for planning, supervision, forecasting and decision support ?Yield estimation, detection and classification of crops, weeds, fruits ?Geo-referenced soil analysis and characteristics to avoid soil degradation (compaction, erosion, sealing, etc). ?Geo-referenced water quantity and quality estimation for precision irrigation ?Positioning, navigation and safety, outdoor and indoor in confined spaces (animal buildings, greenhouses, etc) ?Crops seeds, seedling, breeding, growing and state of health ?Variable-rate technology, machinery for effective treatments, precise chemical weed, microorganisms and pest control ?Monitoring spatial data collection and supplying in real time data to farmers to inputs in computer predictive models helping to optimize work organization methods and resource management ?Machine and process control, vehicle guidance, M2M, machinery fleet management ?Robotic control and facility automation in confined animal production and greenhouse improving solutions to simplify and safely carry out time-consuming tasks (cleaning, milking, pesticide application, harvesting), and mechanical weed control ?Animal-feeding facilities, animal identification and behavior, and health and monitoring at animal, herd and farm level, and beyond the farm ?Food, feed and bio-resources (biomass for energy and bio-refinery raw, final materials and by-products) inspection, packaging, traceability, transportation and logistics ?Odors and flavors detection ?Pre-symptomatic disease detection for plant and livestock, anticipation of temperature, humidity, and other variations during the day or longer period in confined agricultural buildings and crops ?Special machines equipped with automated security systems for hard-to-access and site management systems forestry areas ?Micro Electromechanical Systems (MEMS), very small devices (0.02 to 1.0 mm), usually consisting of a central unit that processes data (the microprocessor) and several components that interact with the surroundings such as microsensors or actuator for many applications: accelerometers, microphone, gyroscope, pressure sensor, optical switch, chemosensors and biosensors, micro-cooling, micro energy harvesting ?Low cost, high efficiency, long distance, low energy wireless devices for sensors and farm network communication To accomplish these important tasks, reliable sensors and sophisticated algorithms, models, and data processing systems have to be developed and properly used. Research, development, product definition, manufacturing, education and training (veterinarians, biologists, physiologists, bio-engineers, biomedical scientists, etc), marketing and sale of such new technologies are an opportunity and a challenge for occupation and business in this century.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Colantonio S.; D'Acunto M.; Martinelli M.; Moroni D.; Pieri G.; Salvetti O.; Tampucci M.;
    Country: Italy

    ARGOMARINE is R&D EC-funded project aiming at developing and testing an integrated and distributed system for monitoring the marine traffic and pollution events due to carriers/commercial ships as well as recreational boats through environmental-sensitive sea areas for effective interventions in case of maritime accidents. CNR is leader in the WPs devoted to the design of environmental decision support services and to the implementation of a Marine Information System.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Eugenio CAVALLO: Angelo Fabbri; Domenico Pessina;
    Country: Italy

    Il documento riassume la proposta per chiarire alcuni aspetti e punti della procedura di prova relative ai test sulle strutture di protezione condotte in accordo con i codici di prova OECD