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  • Rural Digital Europe
  • 2019-2023
  • Open Access
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: RAMOS, M. Y.; GARAGORRY, F. L.;

    Este artigo examina a distribuição espacial e a dinâmica da produção agropecuária da região do MATOPIBA, Brasil, usando técnicas de natureza visual e quantitativa. Utilizou-se a análise de redes, para modelar a estrutura produtiva da região, para anos selecionados do período de 1990 a 2012, e o conceito matemático de distância para medir a intensidade das mudanças interanuais. Consideraram-se 65 produtos cuja produção está estabelecida em ao menos uma das 31 microrregiões componentes. Os resultados indicam a coexistência de distintos perfis produtivos na região que foram se diferenciando ao longo do período analisado, embora tenha persistido um núcleo relativamente estável de microrregiões que compartilham a produção de itens dos domínios da pecuária e dos produtos da pecuária. Esses resultados mostram, também, o uso da modelagem com redes como técnica analítica válida nos estudos regionais sobre agricultura. Made available in DSpace on 2019-11-18T18:08:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Mudancasespaciaisnaproducaoagropecuaria.pdf: 2923279 bytes, checksum: 04e25ba8208b8c8f4d398eb7b5d8265a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2019 Título em inglês: Spatial changes in the agricultural production of the MATOPIBA region, Brazil: an application of the network analysis.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositório Instituc...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lucas Molz Lara; Luciano Gebler; Mirabor José Leite Júnior; Alencar Lucas Soares;

    Abstract Brazilian fruit culture has a great influence on the social and economic sector in the most diverse regions of the country, generating employment and income in the exercise of its activities. As it is an activity carried out most often in a manual and conventional manner, fruit culture has a great potential for technological growth, especially when adopting the concepts applied by precision agriculture on the crops of grains, fibers and energy, creating a new segment, Precision Fruit Farming. The present work aims to carry out a bibliographic review on the main trends that have emerged in the last five years on Precision Fruit growing, highlighting its future perspectives and the history of technological evolution. 83 articles were analyzed, classified in different perennial cultures and applications, such as machine learning, remote sensing, robotics, using UAV to obtain different vegetation indexes, among others. Resumo A fruticultura brasileira exerce grande influência sobre o setor social e econômico nas mais diversas regiões do País, gerando emprego e renda no exercício de suas atividades. Por se tratar de uma atividade realizada, na maioria das vezes, de forma manual e convencional, a fruticultura possui grande potencial de crescimento tecnológico, principalmente ao adotar os conceitos aplicados pela agricultura de precisão sobre as culturas de grãos, fibras e energia, criando um novo segmento, a Fruticultura de Precisão. O presente estudo objetivou realizar uma revisão bibliográfica sobre as principais tendências que surgiram nos últimos cinco anos sobre a Fruticultura de Precisão, destacando suas perspectivas futuras e o histórico de evolução tecnológica. Foram analisados 83 artigos, classificados em diferentes culturas perenes e aplicações, como machine learning (aprendizado de máquinas), sensoriamento remoto, robótica, utilização de VANT para obtenção de diferentes índices de vegetação, entre outras.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Scientific Electroni...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
    Article
    License: CC BY
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Scientific Electroni...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: UnpayWall
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Oscar Manuel de Jesús Vera Cabral; Eduardo da Silva Lopes; Carla Krulikowski Rodrigues; Afonso Figueiredo Filho;

    Demand for higher value-added wood products stimulates research for new, mainly mechanized, thinning operations in order to increase productivity and reduce production costs. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of distance between strip roads on forwarder productivity and costs of thinning operations in Pinus taeda stands. The study was carried out in 10-year-old Pinus taeda stands located in Parana State, Brazil. Two thinning methods were evaluated: (1) TH5: systematic harvest in every fifth tree row and selective harvest in adjacent rows; and (2) TH7: systematic harvest in every seventh tree row and selective harvest in adjacent rows. Working cycle times, productivity and costs were determined through a time-motion study of the forwarder. The additional variables evaluated were wood assortments (industrial wood and energy wood) and extraction distances (50, 100, 150 and 200 m), and mean values were compared between thinning methods using t tests for independent samples (α=0.05). Loading and unloading elements consumed the most time in the working cycle, with lower participation time in TH7 due to greater availability of logs along the strip roads (higher pile volumes), influencing total cycle time up to the mean distance of 150 m for both assortments. TH7 consequently showed 6% higher productivity, its energy yield was 5.3% lower and its production cost was 3.0% lower.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Croatian Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
    Article
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Croatian Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
      Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Jéssica Ferreira Silva; Jaqueline Magalhães Pereira; Daniel Floriano das Chagas; Vitor Pureza Cardoso; +1 Authors

    Abstract Rubber tree is the main source of natural rubber in the world. Because of its economic importance, cultivation was accentuated in several regions of Brazil in the form of monoculture, thus favoring insects to establish in the crop. Among them, the West Indian red scale cochineal Selenaspidus articulatus stands out, responsible for injuring rubber plants due to sap sucking. This work evaluated the fluctuation of S. articulatus in rubber tree clones. Sampling was carried out by collecting leaves every 15 days from PB 235, RRIM 600, PR 255 and GT 1 clones during the period of March 2013 and March 2014. RRIM 600 clone showed the highest population level of S. articulatus, with a population peak of 14.88 insects/leaf in June. PR 255 clone had the lowest scale infestation, demonstrating this clone’s possible resistance to this species. This is the first report of S. articulatus occurrence in Goiás.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Floresta e Ambientearrow_drop_down
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    Floresta e Ambiente
    Article
    License: CC BY
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Floresta e Ambiente
    Article . 2020
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Floresta e Ambiente
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Floresta e Ambientearrow_drop_down
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      Floresta e Ambiente
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: UnpayWall
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Floresta e Ambiente
      Article . 2020
      Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Floresta e Ambiente
      Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Aryana Vasque Frota Guterres; Ingrid Fabiana Fonseca Amorim; Antonio Fernando Costa da Silva; Eduardo Bezerra de Almeida;

    Este estudo teve por objetivo registrar a flora do componente herbáceo da restinga da Praia do Caúra, apontando a riqueza, formas de vida e trazendo contribuições para o conhecimento florístico do litoral maranhense. O estudo foi desenvolvido na restinga da Praia do Caúra (02º33’14,20’’S, 44º02’13,99’’W), São José de Ribamar. Foram realizadas coletas mensais, do estrato herbáceo, entre 2015 a 2017, por meio de buscas exploratórias nos diferentes trechos darestinga. Foram identificadas 85 espécies, 68 gêneros e 28 famílias. As famílias mais representativas foram Fabaceae, com 16 espécies e Cyperaceae, com 12 espécies, seguido de Poaceae (9 spp), Asteraceae (6 spp), Euphorbiaceae e Passifloraceae, com 5 espécies, cada. A espécie Passiflora porophylla foi registrada pela primeira vez para o Maranhão. Foram identificados seis tipos de formas de vida (Caméfitos, Geófitos, Hemicriptófito, Holoparasita,Terófito e Trepadeira). Por fim, a riqueza registrada na área reforça a necessidade de manutenção da vegetação de restinga diante da perda da flora que vem acontecendo no local.Palavras-chave: Riqueza de espécies; Formas de vida; Costa maranhense; Nordeste. ABSTRACTThis paper aimed to record the flora of the herbaceous component of Praia do Caúra restinga, pointing out the richness, life-forms, and bringing contributions to the floristic knowledge of the coast of Maranhão state. The study was carried out in the Praia do Caúra restinga (02º33’14.20’’S, 44º02’13.99’’W), in the municipality of São José de Ribamar. Monthly collections of herbaceous strata were carried out between 2015 to 2017, through exploratory walks in the different stretches of the restinga. In the study area, 85 species, 68 genera and 28 families were identified. The most representative families were Fabaceae, with 16 species, and Cyperaceae, with 12 species, Poaceae (9 spp), Asteraceae (6 spp), Euphorbiaceae, and Passifloraceae, with 5 species, each. Passiflora porophylla was registered for the first time in Maranhão state. There were identified six types of life forms (chamaephytes, geophytes, Hemicryptophyte, Holoparasite, Terophyte and Vine. Therefore, the high number of speciesrecorded in the area reinforces the need to maintain restinga vegetation because of the loss of flora that has been happening in the area.Keywords: Species richness; Life-forms; Coast Maranhão; Northeast.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Boletim do Laboratór...arrow_drop_down
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    Boletim do Laboratório de Hidrobiologia
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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    Boletim do Laboratório de Hidrobiologia
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      Boletim do Laboratório de Hidrobiologia
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    Authors: Christine Maziero Castro; Aline Félix Schneider Bedin; Marcus Fernando Reginatto; Clóvis Eliseu Gewehr;

    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of feeding management on performance and carcass yield of male turkeys during finishing stage. 920 male turkeys were used, which were housed in 40 pens; each pen was comprised of experimental unit. The birds, from 91 to 154 days, were submitted to four feeding managements, based on feed intake, that were: ad libitum, where feed was permanently available to birds; controlled with a daily supply of 100% of recommended feed amount; controlled with 95% of recommended daily feed amount, and controlled with 90% of recommended daily feed amount. Each feeding treatment had ten replicates of 23 birds each. Controlled or restricted feeding management reduced feed intake, average weight, and weight gain (P <0.05), and worsened feed conversion (P <0.05). Carcass and leg weight were reduced (P <0.05) from the 5% restriction related to the recommended. Breast weight was reduced (P <0.05) with a restriction of 10%. No differences were seen when compared to carcass and leg yield and fat deposition (P> 0.05), only breast yield was reduced (P<0.05) when the birds received 90% of that recommended by the lineage, compared to the ad libitum feed management. The feeding management of male turkeys with restriction of the recommended feed amount during the finishing stage had a negative effect on the performance of the birds. However, controlled feeding at 100% of recommended to the lineage reduced feed intake and did not change the carcass weight, breast or leg yield, or fat deposition.

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    Ciência Rural
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    Ciência Rural
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      Ciência Rural
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    Authors: Dante Teixeira Valente Júnior; Lívia Maria dos Reis Barbosa; Marcos Henrique Soares; Gustavo de Amorim Rodrigues; +6 Authors

    ABSTRACT: Increasing fat deposition and feed conversion ratio over the days in finishing phase directly influence pork quality and productive profitability. Nonetheless, the slaughter of heavier pigs can result in benefits for the slaughterhouse due to dilution of production and processing costs, as well as economic benefits for the pig producer resulting from the dilution of production costs. Therefore, dietary supplementation of chromium for finishing pigs of high lean-genotypes is a strategy to increase lean tissue accretion and minimize fat deposition, reflecting positively on growth performance. This review discussed recent studies results and mechanisms of action of this modifier of performance and carcass a traits in finishing pigs. Chromium increases the insulin action, facilitating insulin binding to the receptors on cell membrane. As a result, insulin-sensitive cells uptake more glucose, which will be later converted into energy. This additional energy is use to increase protein synthesis, thereby increasing the amount of lean tissue and reducing fat content in the carcass, without altering protein intake by pigs. Chromium also reduces lipid oxidation rate maintaining meat quality for longer period. In conclusion, dietary Cr supplementation for finishing pigs have shown that 0.2 mg/kg of organic Cr sources for pigs from ~60 kg until the slaughter can improve growth performance, lean gain and reduce fat content in carcass. However, the development of nanotechnology has allowed the use of inorganic Cr source at 0.2 mg/kg of inclusion, leading to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of finishing pigs. RESUMO: O aumento na deposição de gordura e da conversão alimentar durante a fase de terminação são fatores que implicam diretamente na qualidade da carne e também na rentabilidade da cadeia produtiva. Apesar disso, o abate tardio dos suínos pode resultar em benefícios para o frigorífico, pela redução dos custos operacionais por suíno abatido e melhor utilização dos equipamentos, bem como vantagens econômicas para o produtor resultantes da diluição dos custos de produção. Portanto, a suplementação de cromo na ração de suínos de linhagens com maior potencial para deposição de músculo, é uma estratégia para aumentar a deposição de tecido magro e minimizar a deposição de gordura, refletindo positivamente no desempenho. Em vista disso, objetivou-se com este trabalho, apresentar e discutir os mecanismos de ação, finalidades e resultados recentes de estudos na literatura sobre a suplementação desse modificador de carcaça na ração de suínos em terminação. O principal papel do cromo é potencializar a ação da insulina, facilitando a ligação entre a insulina e os seus receptores na membrana celular. Com isso, as células sensíveis à insulina captam maior quantidade de glicose, que posteriormente serão convertidas em energia. Essa energia adicional pode ser utilizada para aumentar a síntese proteica, aumentando assim, a quantidade de carne magra e reduzindo o teor de gordura na carcaça, sem alterar o consumo de proteína pelos animais. O cromo também diminui a taxa de oxidação lipídica, mantendo a qualidade da carne por mais tempo. Em conclusão, a suplementação dietética de Cr para suínos em terminação mostra que 0,2 mg/kg de fontes orgânicas de Cr para suínos de ~ 60 kg até o abate podem melhorar o desempenho, ganho de massa magra e reduzir o teor de gordura na carcaça. No entanto, o desenvolvimento da nanotecnologia tem permitido o uso de fonte inorgânica de Cr na dose de 0,2 mg/kg de inclusão, melhorando o desempenho e as características de carcaça de suínos em terminação.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Scientific Electroni...arrow_drop_down
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      Ciência Rural
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    Authors: Maia Júnior, Sebastião de Oliveira; Endres, Laurício; Silva, José Vieira; Andrade, Jailma Ribeiro de;

    The occurrence of seasonal droughts is one of the main factors that limit the sugarcane ratoon cycles, compromising sugarcane field longevity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biochemical responses of sugarcane cultivars to drought stress in ratoon crop. Six cultivars were used: RB72910, RB99382, RB72454, RB92579, RB855536 and RB931011, and three water regimes based on soil available water content (SAWC) and defined as: control, 80 to 100% (SAWC); moderate water stress, 40 to 60% (SAWC), and severe water stress, 0 to 20% (SAWC). Cultivar RB72454 was most sensitive to water deficit. When under stress, this cultivar showed an increased production of hydrogen peroxide, but without concomitant increase in the activity of the antioxidant enzymes ascorbate peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase. Oxidative stress led to lipid peroxidation and chlorophyll degradation, resulting in higher photochemical photoinhibition. On the other hand, cultivar RB92579 was the most tolerant to drought, with increased activity of antioxidant enzymes, which led to low lipid peroxidation, maintenance of photosynthetic pigments and photochemical activity. The antioxidant defense system triggered by ascorbate peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase enzymes appears to be a key protection factor to photochemical complexes of chloroplast of sugarcane plants under water stress. The increase in the antioxidant system as well as the maintenance of photosynthetic pigments and cell membranes served as important criteria to indicate cultivars more tolerant to drought stress. A ocorrência de secas sazonais é um dos principais fatores que limitam a longevidade do canavial. Esse trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as respostas bioquímicas de cultivares de cana-de-açúcar em seu segundo ciclo de cultivo a condições de estresse hídrico. Para tanto, foram utilizadas seis cultivares: RB72910, RB99382, RB72454, RB92579, RB855536 e RB931011, e três regimes hídricos, baseado na capacidade de água disponível (CAD) e definidos como: controle, 80 a 100% (CAD); estresse hídrico moderado, 40 a 60% (CAD), e estresse hídrico severo, 0 a 20% (CAD). A cultivar RB72454 se mostrou a mais sensível ao déficit hídrico. Essa cultivar mostrou aumento na produção de peróxido de hidrogênio, mas sem aumento concomitante das enzimas antioxidantes ascorbato peroxidase, catalase e superóxido dismutase. Esse estresse oxidativo levou a peroxidação de lipídeos das membranas e degradação das clorofilas, resultando na diminuição da eficiência fotoquímica do PSII. Por outro lado, a cultivar RB92579 foi a mais tolerante à seca, com aumento de atividade das enzimas antioxidantes, que levou a baixa peroxidação de lipídeos, manutenção dos pigmentos fotossintéticos e da eficiência fotoquímica do PSII. O sistema de defesa antioxidante desencadeado pelas enzimas ascorbato peroxidase, catalase e superóxido dismutase parece ser o fator chave de proteção à fotoinibição de plantas de cana-de-açúcar sob estresse hídrico. O aumento do sistema antioxidante, bem como a manutenção dos pigmentos fotossintéticos e das membranas celulares serviram como critérios importantes para indicar cultivares mais tolerantes ao estresse hídrico.

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    Bioscience Journal
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    Bioscience Journal
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    Authors: Nayara Barbosa da Cruz; Josimar Gonçalves de Jesus; Carlos José Caetano Bacha; Edward Martins Costa;

    Rural credit and technical assistance are important agricultural policies adopted in Brazil, where family farming comprises 80% of the Brazilian farmers. However, how have the potentially classified persons as family farmers (PPCAF in Portuguese) in Brazil been granted with credit and technical assistance (TA)? This work analyzes these issues based on 2014 PNAD´s microdata. After organizing the data in tables and run logit model, the following unfolded: (1st) Northeastern Brazilian citizens are predominant among the PPCAF, but not among the ones granted with Pronaf and TA; (2nd) higher household income and formal schooling are linked to larger access to Pronaf and TA; (3rd) the Northeastern and Northern PPCAF make greater use of public-provided TA, while the Southern and Midwestern PPCAF make more use of private-provided TA; (4th) the logit models indicate that men, with lower schooling levels, and the Northeastern inhabitants are less likely to have access to TA than their opponents. There are personal and regional differences concerning the access to TA, which is necessary to be better addressed by economic policies. Crédito rural e assistência técnica são importantes instrumentos de estímulo à agropecuária. Mas de que maneira eles têm sido utilizados pela agricultura familiar, que engloba quase 80% dos estabelecimentos agropecuários brasileiros? O presente artigo, usando microdados da PNAD de 2014, analisa o acesso de Pessoas Potencialmente Classificadas como Agricultor Familiar (PPCAF) a programas de crédito e assistência técnica e extensão rural (ATER), diagnosticando possíveis diferenças pessoais e regionais neste acesso. A análise tabular e via o modelo lógite sobre as PPCAF mostra que: (1) nordestinos são predominantes entre as PPCAF, mas não entre os contemplados no Pronaf e na ATER; (2) à medida que aumenta a faixa de rendimento domiciliar e a escolaridade das PPCAF, aumenta o acesso ao Pronaf e à ATER; (3) enquanto as PPCAF nordestinas e da região Norte fazem maior uso de ATER pública, as PPCAF do Sul e do Centro-Oeste fazem mais uso de ATER privada; (4) os modelos lógites indicam que há menor probabilidade do homem, do menos escolarizado e do nordestino ter acesso à ATER do que os seus contrários nesses requisitos. Constata-se, portanto, haver diferenças pessoais e regionais no acesso à ATER e que precisam ser mais bem tratadas por políticas econômicas.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Revista de Economia ...arrow_drop_down
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    Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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    Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
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      Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
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    Authors: Diego Costa Farias; Natanael Costa Rebouças; Thales Silva Coutinho; Rayane de Tasso Moreira Ribeiro; +1 Authors

    Abstract This study aimed to carry out a taxonomic floristic survey of species in the genus Ditassa (Asclepiadoideae/Apocynaceae), as part of the “Flora do Ceará: knowing to conserve” project. The study was based on the analysis of morphological characters of specimens from representative herbaria for the genus. The identifications were performed using specialized bibliography and confirmed by analyzing type collections. For Ceará state, six species of Ditassa were registered: D. blanchetii, D. capillaris, D. dardanoi, D. glaziovii, D. hastata and D. hispida. The species occur in Savana (Cerrado), Stepic Savanna (Caatinga/Carrasco), Dense Ombrophilous Forest (Wet forest) and Lowland Semideciduous Seasonal Forest (Tableland forest). Only D. capillaris and D. hastata were recorded in Conservation Units. Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar o levantamento florístico-taxonômico dos representantes do gênero Ditassa (Asclepiadoideae/Apocynaceae), como parte do projeto “Flora do Ceará: conhecer para conservar”. O estudo se baseou na análise de caracteres morfológicos de espécimes depositados em herbários representativos para o gênero. As identificações foram realizadas com o auxílio de bibliografias especializadas e confirmadas pela análise das coleções-tipo. No estado do Ceará foram registradas seis espécies do gênero Ditassa: D. blanchetii, D. capillaris, D. dardanoi, D. glaziovii, D. hastata e D. hispida. As espécies ocorrem em Savana (Cerrado), Savana Estépica (Caatinga/Carrasco), Floresta Ombrófila Densa (Mata Úmida) e Floresta Estacional Semidecidual de Terras Baixas (Mata de Tabuleiro). Apenas D. capillaris e D. hastata foram registradas em Unidades de Conservação.

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    https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7...
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: RAMOS, M. Y.; GARAGORRY, F. L.;

    Este artigo examina a distribuição espacial e a dinâmica da produção agropecuária da região do MATOPIBA, Brasil, usando técnicas de natureza visual e quantitativa. Utilizou-se a análise de redes, para modelar a estrutura produtiva da região, para anos selecionados do período de 1990 a 2012, e o conceito matemático de distância para medir a intensidade das mudanças interanuais. Consideraram-se 65 produtos cuja produção está estabelecida em ao menos uma das 31 microrregiões componentes. Os resultados indicam a coexistência de distintos perfis produtivos na região que foram se diferenciando ao longo do período analisado, embora tenha persistido um núcleo relativamente estável de microrregiões que compartilham a produção de itens dos domínios da pecuária e dos produtos da pecuária. Esses resultados mostram, também, o uso da modelagem com redes como técnica analítica válida nos estudos regionais sobre agricultura. Made available in DSpace on 2019-11-18T18:08:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Mudancasespaciaisnaproducaoagropecuaria.pdf: 2923279 bytes, checksum: 04e25ba8208b8c8f4d398eb7b5d8265a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2019 Título em inglês: Spatial changes in the agricultural production of the MATOPIBA region, Brazil: an application of the network analysis.

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    Authors: Lucas Molz Lara; Luciano Gebler; Mirabor José Leite Júnior; Alencar Lucas Soares;

    Abstract Brazilian fruit culture has a great influence on the social and economic sector in the most diverse regions of the country, generating employment and income in the exercise of its activities. As it is an activity carried out most often in a manual and conventional manner, fruit culture has a great potential for technological growth, especially when adopting the concepts applied by precision agriculture on the crops of grains, fibers and energy, creating a new segment, Precision Fruit Farming. The present work aims to carry out a bibliographic review on the main trends that have emerged in the last five years on Precision Fruit growing, highlighting its future perspectives and the history of technological evolution. 83 articles were analyzed, classified in different perennial cultures and applications, such as machine learning, remote sensing, robotics, using UAV to obtain different vegetation indexes, among others. Resumo A fruticultura brasileira exerce grande influência sobre o setor social e econômico nas mais diversas regiões do País, gerando emprego e renda no exercício de suas atividades. Por se tratar de uma atividade realizada, na maioria das vezes, de forma manual e convencional, a fruticultura possui grande potencial de crescimento tecnológico, principalmente ao adotar os conceitos aplicados pela agricultura de precisão sobre as culturas de grãos, fibras e energia, criando um novo segmento, a Fruticultura de Precisão. O presente estudo objetivou realizar uma revisão bibliográfica sobre as principais tendências que surgiram nos últimos cinco anos sobre a Fruticultura de Precisão, destacando suas perspectivas futuras e o histórico de evolução tecnológica. Foram analisados 83 artigos, classificados em diferentes culturas perenes e aplicações, como machine learning (aprendizado de máquinas), sensoriamento remoto, robótica, utilização de VANT para obtenção de diferentes índices de vegetação, entre outras.

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    Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
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    Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
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      Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
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    Authors: Oscar Manuel de Jesús Vera Cabral; Eduardo da Silva Lopes; Carla Krulikowski Rodrigues; Afonso Figueiredo Filho;

    Demand for higher value-added wood products stimulates research for new, mainly mechanized, thinning operations in order to increase productivity and reduce production costs. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of distance between strip roads on forwarder productivity and costs of thinning operations in Pinus taeda stands. The study was carried out in 10-year-old Pinus taeda stands located in Parana State, Brazil. Two thinning methods were evaluated: (1) TH5: systematic harvest in every fifth tree row and selective harvest in adjacent rows; and (2) TH7: systematic harvest in every seventh tree row and selective harvest in adjacent rows. Working cycle times, productivity and costs were determined through a time-motion study of the forwarder. The additional variables evaluated were wood assortments (industrial wood and energy wood) and extraction distances (50, 100, 150 and 200 m), and mean values were compared between thinning methods using t tests for independent samples (α=0.05). Loading and unloading elements consumed the most time in the working cycle, with lower participation time in TH7 due to greater availability of logs along the strip roads (higher pile volumes), influencing total cycle time up to the mean distance of 150 m for both assortments. TH7 consequently showed 6% higher productivity, its energy yield was 5.3% lower and its production cost was 3.0% lower.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Croatian Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
    Article
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: UnpayWall
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