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114 Research products, page 4 of 12

  • Rural Digital Europe
  • Research data
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  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    Italian
    Authors: 
    Lorenzo Busetto; Luigi Ranghetti;
    Country: Italy

    The goal of bfsapps is to develop a GUI tool useful for IBFs for facilitating recording and querying of information concerning agricultural practices.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    English
    Authors: 
    Filipe Neves dos Santos; Ricardo Prata; Frank Hemmerich; Josep Vidal; Danilo Rabino; Maria Valent; Roberto Gaudio; Jesus Pablo Gonzàlez; Francisca Eiriz; Clara Santamaria; +2 more
    Country: Italy

    Spraying in agriculture represents a societal challenge due to its negative impact in human and animal health and in environment. Increasing spraying efficiency towards the objective of "right time, right amount, right place", involves reduction of losses and, consequently, amount of phytopharmaceuticals used, water usage, and human and animal exposure to pesticides, and the increase of the spraying system availability while reducing labour costs. Furthermore, adoption of new ecological spraying treatments to increase both yield and treatment efficiency is desirable. Agriculture in rough terrain is also challenging, due to the steepness of some terrain, lack of space to manoeuvre, difficulties of communications due to natural obstacles and harsh atmospheric conditions associated. To cope with these challenges a consortium with complementary precision farming actors was formed for SCORPION project, bringing together steep slope vineyards associations (CERVIM, INNOVI), robotics and agricultural machinery RTD institutions (INESC, EUT, and CNR-IMAMOTER, WUR), SMEs and large company (TEYME, KommTek Intelligente Lösungen, Deimos), and an institution devoted to innovation in the sector (IPN). SCORPION's solution will be a safe and autonomous precision spraying tool integrated into a modular unmanned tractor (robotics platform). It will focus on steep slope vineyards but with impact in other high-value permanent crops (olive groves and fruiticulture). SCORPION' will consider Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver (considering Galileo triple frequency (E1, E5 and E6) including the full E5 AltBOC signal, Open Service - Navigation Message Authentication (OS-NMA) and High Accuracy Service (HAS)) fused with other sensors, to increase the solution reliability, accuracy and safeness, and to enable autonomous ultraviolet light treatments (to eliminate partial need of phytopharmaceuticals) and to allow high precision spraying in permanent crops. SCORPION will bring the TRL of the technologies involved from 5 to 7. This increment is driven by five main RTD topics: localization and navigation systems (considering GNSS); advanced sprayer tool with Variable Rate Technology (VRT); safety systems; compliance and interoperability; and modularity. SCORPION will contribute to build up its market segment aligned to the European Strategic Robotics Agenda and create new business opportunities, and reduce the fertiliser usage in agriculture and increase air quality. SCORPION brings to the market a cost effective modular robot for high precision spraying in permanent crops, integrating three main modules: an autonomous tractor (<50hp), high precision sprayer with novel UV light treatments, and advanced outdoor sensing system. These modules can be commercialized independently or in the form of SCORPION robot.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Marzano, Annalisa;
    Publisher: Propylaeum
    Country: Italy

    The Roman villa was a defining element of the Roman world and its appearance and spread, both in various regions of Roman Italy and abroad, have been linked to various historical phenomena: Rome’s territorial expansion, the establishment of colonial settlements, and the indigenous elites’ readiness to participate in forms of Roman life. While traditional historiography has seen the spread of large villas in Republican Italy as a phenomenon that displaced small and medium landowners from the land, and thus contributed to Rome’s socio-political problems, recent studies have stressed that large villas and farms were not at variance with each other. The papers gathered in this volume aim at giving a more organic evaluation of how the ‘villa economy’ and the ‘peasant economy’ operated, and to what degree, if any, the two were integrated. It does so by addressing two main questions: whether villas and small and medium farms were part of two distinctive productive and distributive systems or not; and to what extent the picture emerging from provincial territories compares with the situation in Roman Italy.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Tamea, Stefania; Soligno, Irene; Tuninetti, Marta; Laio, Francesco;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | CWASI (647473), EC | CWASI (647473)

    The CWASI database is a unique and harmonized database of water footprint (WF) and virtual water trade (VWT) data in the period 1961-2016. The database includes hundreds of agricultural products among which are: crops, crop-derived products, livestock products, and livestock-derived, both edible and non-edible. The database has been developed within the EU-funded CWASI project.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    KUZIEMSKI, Maciej; PALKA, Przemyslaw;
    Publisher: European University Institute
    Country: Italy

    Recent breakthroughs in the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have initiated heated debates regarding its governance. As of today, the success of AI relies on machine learning – the ability of algorithms to learn from, and find patterns in, large amounts of data. Consequently, governance of AI will in practice mean policies regarding both the design and access to algorithms, as well as collection and usage of information. Regarding the latter, the European Union (EU) has put in place a comprehensive normative framework: the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)1, applicable since 25 May 2018. Based on the discussion that took place during the School of Transnational Governance’s High-Level Policy Dialogue on 26 June 2018, we present three actionable recommendations for global and local policymakers coming to grasp with the questions of AI Governance

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Mangiacrapa F.; Perciante C.;
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | BlueBRIDGE (675680), EC | AGINFRA PLUS (731001)

    The gCube Data Catalogue is a software component that provides facilities for: a) (meta)data publishing; b) vres' products publishing; c) making data products publicly available; d) enriching products of metadata to maximise their potential reuse and making them searchable (via title, tags etc) are based on the CKAN technology. The gcube-ckan-datacatalog Web Application allows to (a) show all the metadata available in the CKAN instance, as well as publish a new product, retrieve the list of organizations (i.e. Virtual Research Environments) to which the user belongs and his/her already published products.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Nicola Pedrocchi; Manuel Beschi; Marco Faroni;
    Country: Italy

    A.The project consists on the deployment of a simulator for the simulation of the robot motion, according to a static working environment; B.The technical goal is to provide the optimum trajectory to move from one point to a second point in the workspace avoiding the obstacles. Specifically: oThe starting and ending point is described in the joint-space of the robot. oThe optimality has been intended as a local-optimum in term of execution time and computational time. oThe only constraints besides the physical obstacles are the joint-axes end-strokes oThe motion planner must avoid any self-collision of the links, i.e., it should integrate the full kinematics structure of the robot

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Claudio Savaglio, Giancarlo Fortino, Giovanni Ciatto, Andrea Omicini;
    Publisher: Sun SITE Central Europe, RWTH Aachen University
    Country: Italy

    Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things, co-located with the 18th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence (AIxIA 2019), Rende (CS), Italy, November 22, 2019.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Filipe Neves dos Santos; Eugenia Maria Andrade; Vitor Moreira; Salaah Oukil; Djikdjik Abdessamaiaa; Brahim Boulebtateche; Danilo Rabino; Maria Valent; Mohamed El Gharous; Mohamed Belali;
    Country: Italy

    Mediterranean Region is a hotspot for biodiversity and also a well-known centre for the entry and dispersion of new virulent plant and animal pests which may become responsible for significant yield and quality losses. Furthermore, conservation agriculture approach in Mediterranean environments has been moderate to date and this is particularly true for the smallholders, who are prevailing in the region. This problem will be tackled by advanced and precise spraying actions. High precision spraying actions represent a societal challenge, as they mitigate the negative impact in human and animal health and in environment of the conventional techniques. The goal is to comply with the motto "the right amount on the right time and place". Increasing precision by localizing applications will reduce losses on pesticides, fertilizers and water usage, human and animal exposure and environmental residues. Innovate and automate this spraying action in Mediterranean countries is challenging due to low farmers income, farms size, lack of water availability, lack of manoeuvring space (in old crops), difficulties of communications and harsh atmospheric conditions. To cope with these challenging issues, a consortium with complementary precision farming actors was formed for PlantCareBot project, bringing together agricultural associations representatives, robotics and agricultural machinery RTD institutions, agrofood RTD institutions, and SME's. PlantCareBots solution will be a safe and autonomous high precision spraying tool, integrated into a modular unmanned tractor. It will focus on Permanent crops (Olive Groves, Fruit Trees, Vineyards) considering the Mediterranean crops constrains and opportunities. PlantCareBot will bring the TRL of the technologies involved from 3 to 5. This increment is driven by three main RTD topics: robotics; novel plant treatments; sprayer tools with Variable Rate Technology. PlantCareBot will contribute to advanced and sustainable agriculture in Mediterranean Countries, carachterized by limited access to specific farming machinery and by several hydrogeologic issues, and create new business opportunities. PlantCareBot increases the Mediterranean farming system efficiency and income that will generate better and more employment. Besides, reduces and optimises the use of scarce natural resources (water, energy, nutrients) and potentially toxic substances (synthetic pesticides, mineral fertilizers, antibiotics) in agriculture; Improves the production of Mediterranean crop by applying the products in the right place, right quantity and right moment; Reduces the soil compaction and erosion.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Filipe Neves dos Santos; Pedro Freire da Silva; Frank Hemmerich; Josep Vidal; Danilo Rabino; Roberto Gaudio; Jesus Pablo Gonzàlez; Francisca Eiriz; Clara Santamaria;
    Country: Italy

    Spraying in agriculture represents a societal challenge due to its negative impact in human and animal health and in environment. Increasing spraying efficiency towards the objective of "right time, right amount, right place", involves reduction of losses and, consequently, amount of phytopharmaceuticals used, water usage, and human and animal exposure to pesticides, and the increase of the spraying system availability while reducing labour costs. Furthermore, adoption of new ecological spraying treatments to increase both yield and treatment efficiency is desirable. Agriculture in rough terrain is also challenging, due to the steepness of some terrain, lack of space to manoeuvre, difficulties of communications due to natural obstacles and harsh atmospheric conditions associated. To cope with these challenges a consortium with complementary precision farming actors was formed for AgRoB2030 project, bringing together steep slope vineyards associations (CERVIM, INNOVI), robotics and agricultural machinery RTD institutions (INESC TEC, EUT, and CNR - IMAMOTER), SMEs and large company (TEYME, KommTek Intelligente Lösungen, Deimos), and an institution devoted to innovation in the sector (IPN). AgRoB2030's solution will be a safe and autonomous precision spraying tool integrated into a modular unmanned tractor (robotics platform). It will focus on steep slope vineyards but with impact in other high-value permanent crops (olive groves and fruiticulture). AgRoB2030' will consider Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver (Considering Galileo High Accuracy Service) fused with other sensors, to increase the solution reliability, accuracy and safeness, and to enable autonomous ultraviolet light treatments (to eliminate partial need of phytopharmaceuticals) and to allow high precision spraying in permanent crops. AgRoB2030 will bring the TRL of the technologies involved from 5 to 7. This increment is driven by five main RTD topics: localization and navigation systems (considering GNSS); advanced sprayer tool with Variable Rate Technology (VRT); safety systems; compliance and interoperability; and modularity. AgRoB2030 will contribute to build up its market segment aligned to the European Strategic Robotics Agenda and create new business opportunities, and reduce the fertiliser usage in agriculture and increase air quality. AgRoB2030 brings to the market a cost effective modular robot for high precision spraying in permanent crops, integrating three main modules: an autonomous tractor (<50hp), high precision sprayer with novel UV light treatments, and advanced outdoor sensing system. These modules can be commercialized independently or in the form of AgRoB2030 robot.