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  • Rural Digital Europe
  • 2019-2023
  • Article

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    UZUNOĞULLARI, Nesrin; HANTAŞ, Cemil; DURA, Onur; TUNALI, Nesrin; HEPHIZLI GÖKSEL, Pınar; POLAT, Zühtü; SÖNMEZ, İbrahim;
    Publisher: Ataturk Bahce Kulturleri Merkez Arastirma Enstitusu Mudurlugu

    Bu çalışmada, 2015-2016 yılları arasında Marmara Bölgesi’nde (Bursa, Yalova, Bilecik, Kocaeli, Sakarya ve İstanbul) yaprağı yenen sebzelerden salata (kıvırcık, marul, aysberg) maydanoz, dereotu, roka, ıspanak ve tere üretim alanlarında görülen hastalık ve zararlı türlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yaprağı yenen sebze üretim alanları hastalık ve zararlı yönünden incelenmiş ve örnek alınmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda fungal etmenlerden Septoria sp., Sclerotinia sp., Botrytis cinerea, Bremia lactucae, viral etmenlerden Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) ve Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV), zararlılardan salyangoz, solucan, sülük, yaprak biti, thrips, Empoasca sp. ve Meloidogyne incognita, faydalı böcek olarak ise Coccinela septempunctata, Crysopha sp. ve Syrphus sp. tespit edilmiştir. Sürvey yapılan alanlarda bakteriyel hastalık etmeni tespit edilmemiştir. In this study, it was aimed to determine the diseases and pest species seen in salad (curly, lettuce, iceberg) parsley, dill, arugula, spinach and cress production areas in the Marmara Region (Bursa, Yalova, Bilecik, Kocaeli, Sakarya and İstanbul) between 2015 and 2016.Considering the cultivation areas of leafy vegetables areas was examined and sampled. Fungal agents such as Septoria sp., Sclerotinia sp., Botrytis cinerea, Bremia lactucae, Viral agents such as Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and Lettuce mosaic potyvirus (LMV), pests such as snail, worm, leech, aphis, thrips, Empoasca sp. and Meloidogyne incognita, as useful insect Coccinela septempunctata, Crysopha sp., and Syrphus sp. were identified result of the analysis. No bacterial agent was detect in the surveyed areas.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Moraima Del Toro Rubio; Cristina Elena Bohórquez Moreno; Anderson Díaz Pérez; Zorayda Barrios Puerta;
    Publisher: Universidad de Manizales

    Objective: to determine the factors that influence on self-medication in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia) adolescents in rural area. Materials and methods: analytical, cross-sectional study, which 383 adolescents between 10 and 18 years old, who lives in two towns of Cartagena, participated. An instrument designed for this study and validated by an expert was applied and integrated by a sociodemographic component, as well as a self-medication and related factors instrument. Results: participants were mostly males (58.2%), between 12 and 17 years old (14.9% and 16.2%), high school students (55.1%). This practice is associated with influence of a relative or a friend (OR 95% CI (6,686 (3,960-11,288)), female sex (OR 95% CI (2,636 (1,516- 4,586) and the acquisition of medications without a medical formula (OR 95% CI (10,491 (4,849 22,698)). Conclusions: self-medication is a common practice among adolescents in the rural area of Cartagena, and is given by cultural factors, such as the family influences and the flexibility of acquiring medications without a medical formula.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rizca Yunike Putri;
    Publisher: Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

    The effort to meet the community's need for space is to change the function of land which was originally used as agricultural activity to become a space for other community activities and is non-agricultural in nature, which we will later call the conversion of agricultural land. Generally, uncontrolled conversion of agricultural land functions, if not addressed, can lead to serious problems, among others, can threaten the capacity of food supply and environmental sustainability. The trend of increasing demand for land makes conversion of agricultural land difficult to avoid. The loss of agricultural land and the conversion of agricultural land to non-agricultural functions regardless of its form are indicators for the development of modern cities. The modern city which is synonymous with industrialization and the splendor of buildings will gradually remove agricultural areas and change the environmental ecosystem further. If viewed from an ecological point of view, of course this problem causes environmental imbalance which will have a negative impact on food security. But what about the conversion of agricultural land from the viewpoint of spatial politics?Keywords: Agricultural land, land use changes, political spatial

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Amit Vincent; Deepak Singh; Isaac L. Mathew;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica, is an economically significant stored product pest (SPP). It is widely distributed and causes severe damage to grains and products in storage under varying environmental conditions. However, compared to other Lepidopterous pests like Ephestia kuehniella and Plodia interpunctella, the pest potential of C. cephalonica is often underestimated. While farmers typically rely on chemical control to manage insect pests, recent studies suggest that non-chemical control methods can be used successfully as alternatives for their management. Therefore, in-depth knowledge of rice moth biology and its current pest status is essential for developing integrated management systems. Besides being a pest under natural conditions, Corcyra cephalonica also serves as a factitious host of natural enemies. It has a short life cycle and can be easily mass-reared on a variety of feeding media, making it a preferable alternative host with year-round availability, which can help in the cost-effective production of beneficial insects such as biocontrol agents and, as a result, in better management of other harmful agricultural insect pests. In the second part of this review, we examine the suitability of the rice moth as a laboratory host and conclude by determining whether Corcyra is best addressed as a serious pest of stored products or as a factitious host of biocontrol agents.

  • Authors: 
    Alexey V. Golubev;
    Publisher: Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises

    The contradiction between the profitable work of agriculture and the lack of its simple reproduction is revealed. Profits of agricultural enterprises are secured by a strict restriction on all major items of expenditure, including labor costs, which farmers are forced to go to due to the low profitability of the industry. They have to tighten their belts more and more, saving even on the necessary things. At the same time, monopolized suppliers of resources to agriculture and network trading networks, which are oligopolies, continue to siphon resources from producers of products. The author emphasizes the nature of perfect competition of the mass of agricultural producers, to which the market economy should strive. The term “market hinterland” is introduced, which characterizes the current situation of agriculture, which is economically disadvantaged by its counterparties. This intersectoral imbalance is not eliminated and is not compensated by the state, since the subsidies allocated are not enough even to bring the wages of agricultural workers to the average size in the Russian economy. The conclusion is made about the weak state regulation of intersectoral relations, which should limit monopolies and oligopolies and create equal economic conditions for different industries and also about the need for a significant increase in state support for agriculture.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    D.A. Wardell; A. Tapsoba; P.N. Lovett; M. Zida; K. Rousseau; D. Gautier; M. Elias; T. Bama;
    Publisher: Commonwealth Forestry Association

    After Burkina Faso's independence, shea butter continues to be the key staple edible oil used by Burkinabe households although alternatives are now being placed in local markets. Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.) is primarily managed as a food tree crop for African consumers but has been promoted as a wild and abundant crop which gives African women cash and empowerment. New international demand for edible Cocoa Butter Equivalents (CBEs) from the 1960s onwards led to the introduction of several state-led efforts to regulate and control the shea trade through stabilization funds and parastatal marketing boards. These were abandoned after 1984, when cocoa prices collapsed and shea markets were liberalized. Increasingly since 2003, several leading Trans-National Corporations that manufacture CBEs are involved in sourcing shea kernels to meet the growing demands of the multi-billion-dollar confectionary and cosmetics industries. Burkina Faso and Ghana are two of the main exporting countries producing 60–75% of all international shea offtake. West, Central and East African women shea collectors and their associations have also managed, more recently, to meet the growing demand for 'hand-crafted' shea butter for the global personal care sector and new niches in the edible oil industry. Attempts to explain the radical transformation of shea supply chains in West Africa have focused on relatively recent events and actions detached from the broader historical context in which they are embedded. This paper adopts a broad periodization, stemming from the formulation of CBEs incorporating shea and palm stearin in the 1960s, and using a Global Production Network approach to understand the role and position of women shea producers and their associations at the intersection of global, regional, and local periodic markets. It challenges the assumption that global markets are necessarily a more viable alternative to reliance on local, domestic, or regional markets. The growth of global trade in shea kernels and shea butter has been accompanied by significant land cover and land use changes which has led to the progressive loss of trees, biodiversity, and other ecosystem services such as pollination and carbon sequestration. This presents new socio-economic challenges, including threats to local food and nutrition security, tenure rights and the livelihoods of local communities.

  • Russian
    Publisher: Башкирская академия государственной службы и управления при Главе Республики Башкортостан

    The article describes the essence of digital transformation in the modern world and its impact on the development of competencies in building a career. The key skills that are in demand in the context of digital transformation are considered. The main problems of developing the competencies of personnel and ways to solve them are identified. В статье описана сущность цифровой трансформации в современном мире и её влияние на развитие компетенций при построении карьеры. Рассмотрены ключевые навыки, востребованные в условиях цифровой трансформации. Выявлены основные проблемы развития компетенций кадрового состава и способы их решения. Экономика и управление: научно-практический журнал, Выпуск 3 (165) 2022

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Ovando; Matthias Speich;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Countries: Spain, Switzerland

    We developed an uneven-aged forest economic decision-making framework that combines: (i) a size-structured matrix model, based on growth and mortality predictions of a dynamic process-based forest landscape model, (ii) an optimal control model that determines the dynamics of control and state variables, which in turn are defined by tree harvesting and forest stock, respectively, and (iii) a water yield function that depends on changes in the leaf area index (LAI), the latter being affected by forest management. This framework was used to simulate the effects of economic-driven harvesting decisions on water yields on a catchment of South-Western Swiss Alps when both timber and water benefits are considered. Water benefits are estimated as environmental prices considering current water demands for drinking, irrigation and hydropower production. We simulated optimal harvesting decisions given the initial forest structure at each 200 m × 200 m grid cells, a set of restrictions to harvesting, and specific species survival, recruitment and growth probabilities, all of which are affected by the stand’s LAI. We applied this model using different harvesting restriction levels over a period of 20 to 40-years, and accounting for single and joint timber and water benefits. The results suggested that at the environmental prices estimated at the catchment area, water benefits have a slight influence on harvesting decisions, but when water is accounted for, harvesting decisions would include more tree species and different diameter classes, which, in principle, is expected to favor more diverse forest structures. Paola Ovando developed the model and the earlier stages of the paper while she was working at the Swiss Federal Institute for Aquatic Science and Technology (eawag). She acknowledges the additional financial support of the Macaulay Development Trust for finishing this work Peer reviewed

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ekaterina Shkarupa;
    Publisher: Volgograd State University

    The limited involvement of firms in financial markets and a rather low level of financial literacy and absence of high-quality use of financial services are currently recognized as a fundamental issue. Recent research confirms that economic prosperity, sustainable development and poverty reduction are determined by the increased availability and use of financial services. All these circumstances have led to the emergence of another long-term trend in the financial sector which we define the concept of financial inclusion. Modern vectors of financial system development (emergence of new financial instruments, spread of new business models in the financial market, artificial intelligence, development and implementation of digitalization strategy) trigger discussions on the essence and content of financial inclusion. The article provides an overview of its available interpretations, and it is concluded that the theoretical basis of the research has not been developed properly. The presented literature review of approaches to financial inclusion definition makes it possible to show its main attributes: financial products and services, characteristics, quality, channels, conditions for obtaining a basic set of financial services. The main conclusions of the author prove that the mentioned aspects are met by the existing and functioning financial and credit infrastructure in agriculture, but with the peculiarities connected with the specifics of the industry. The article attempts to study the possibilities of such an infrastructure from the perspective of financial inclusion. Some indicators characterizing the infrastructure for provision of financial services in the southern regions presented in the article confirm the potential and opportunities for the development of financial inclusion of agricultural producers. Additionally, the author substantiates the issue of physical availability of this infrastructure, since it is difficult to assess the financial inclusiveness of agricultural producers from the standpoint of its parameters due to the specifics of agricultural production and the influence of various factors on the activities of a particular firm. The following directions are identified as possible ones for the development of financial inclusion of agricultural producers: expansion of budget support, implementation of public private partnership projects, increase of financial literacy, development strategies, development of government programs and projects, and active use of digitalization opportunities.

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Xin Chen; Tiexi Chen; Yu Shu; Qingyun Yan; Qifei Han; Xueqiong Wei; Chaofan Li; Guojie Wang; Yong Xie;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Advanced search in Research products
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The following results are related to Rural Digital Europe. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
254,322 Research products, page 1 of 25,433
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    UZUNOĞULLARI, Nesrin; HANTAŞ, Cemil; DURA, Onur; TUNALI, Nesrin; HEPHIZLI GÖKSEL, Pınar; POLAT, Zühtü; SÖNMEZ, İbrahim;
    Publisher: Ataturk Bahce Kulturleri Merkez Arastirma Enstitusu Mudurlugu

    Bu çalışmada, 2015-2016 yılları arasında Marmara Bölgesi’nde (Bursa, Yalova, Bilecik, Kocaeli, Sakarya ve İstanbul) yaprağı yenen sebzelerden salata (kıvırcık, marul, aysberg) maydanoz, dereotu, roka, ıspanak ve tere üretim alanlarında görülen hastalık ve zararlı türlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yaprağı yenen sebze üretim alanları hastalık ve zararlı yönünden incelenmiş ve örnek alınmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda fungal etmenlerden Septoria sp., Sclerotinia sp., Botrytis cinerea, Bremia lactucae, viral etmenlerden Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) ve Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV), zararlılardan salyangoz, solucan, sülük, yaprak biti, thrips, Empoasca sp. ve Meloidogyne incognita, faydalı böcek olarak ise Coccinela septempunctata, Crysopha sp. ve Syrphus sp. tespit edilmiştir. Sürvey yapılan alanlarda bakteriyel hastalık etmeni tespit edilmemiştir. In this study, it was aimed to determine the diseases and pest species seen in salad (curly, lettuce, iceberg) parsley, dill, arugula, spinach and cress production areas in the Marmara Region (Bursa, Yalova, Bilecik, Kocaeli, Sakarya and İstanbul) between 2015 and 2016.Considering the cultivation areas of leafy vegetables areas was examined and sampled. Fungal agents such as Septoria sp., Sclerotinia sp., Botrytis cinerea, Bremia lactucae, Viral agents such as Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and Lettuce mosaic potyvirus (LMV), pests such as snail, worm, leech, aphis, thrips, Empoasca sp. and Meloidogyne incognita, as useful insect Coccinela septempunctata, Crysopha sp., and Syrphus sp. were identified result of the analysis. No bacterial agent was detect in the surveyed areas.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Moraima Del Toro Rubio; Cristina Elena Bohórquez Moreno; Anderson Díaz Pérez; Zorayda Barrios Puerta;
    Publisher: Universidad de Manizales

    Objective: to determine the factors that influence on self-medication in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia) adolescents in rural area. Materials and methods: analytical, cross-sectional study, which 383 adolescents between 10 and 18 years old, who lives in two towns of Cartagena, participated. An instrument designed for this study and validated by an expert was applied and integrated by a sociodemographic component, as well as a self-medication and related factors instrument. Results: participants were mostly males (58.2%), between 12 and 17 years old (14.9% and 16.2%), high school students (55.1%). This practice is associated with influence of a relative or a friend (OR 95% CI (6,686 (3,960-11,288)), female sex (OR 95% CI (2,636 (1,516- 4,586) and the acquisition of medications without a medical formula (OR 95% CI (10,491 (4,849 22,698)). Conclusions: self-medication is a common practice among adolescents in the rural area of Cartagena, and is given by cultural factors, such as the family influences and the flexibility of acquiring medications without a medical formula.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rizca Yunike Putri;
    Publisher: Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

    The effort to meet the community's need for space is to change the function of land which was originally used as agricultural activity to become a space for other community activities and is non-agricultural in nature, which we will later call the conversion of agricultural land. Generally, uncontrolled conversion of agricultural land functions, if not addressed, can lead to serious problems, among others, can threaten the capacity of food supply and environmental sustainability. The trend of increasing demand for land makes conversion of agricultural land difficult to avoid. The loss of agricultural land and the conversion of agricultural land to non-agricultural functions regardless of its form are indicators for the development of modern cities. The modern city which is synonymous with industrialization and the splendor of buildings will gradually remove agricultural areas and change the environmental ecosystem further. If viewed from an ecological point of view, of course this problem causes environmental imbalance which will have a negative impact on food security. But what about the conversion of agricultural land from the viewpoint of spatial politics?Keywords: Agricultural land, land use changes, political spatial

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Amit Vincent; Deepak Singh; Isaac L. Mathew;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica, is an economically significant stored product pest (SPP). It is widely distributed and causes severe damage to grains and products in storage under varying environmental conditions. However, compared to other Lepidopterous pests like Ephestia kuehniella and Plodia interpunctella, the pest potential of C. cephalonica is often underestimated. While farmers typically rely on chemical control to manage insect pests, recent studies suggest that non-chemical control methods can be used successfully as alternatives for their management. Therefore, in-depth knowledge of rice moth biology and its current pest status is essential for developing integrated management systems. Besides being a pest under natural conditions, Corcyra cephalonica also serves as a factitious host of natural enemies. It has a short life cycle and can be easily mass-reared on a variety of feeding media, making it a preferable alternative host with year-round availability, which can help in the cost-effective production of beneficial insects such as biocontrol agents and, as a result, in better management of other harmful agricultural insect pests. In the second part of this review, we examine the suitability of the rice moth as a laboratory host and conclude by determining whether Corcyra is best addressed as a serious pest of stored products or as a factitious host of biocontrol agents.

  • Authors: 
    Alexey V. Golubev;
    Publisher: Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises

    The contradiction between the profitable work of agriculture and the lack of its simple reproduction is revealed. Profits of agricultural enterprises are secured by a strict restriction on all major items of expenditure, including labor costs, which farmers are forced to go to due to the low profitability of the industry. They have to tighten their belts more and more, saving even on the necessary things. At the same time, monopolized suppliers of resources to agriculture and network trading networks, which are oligopolies, continue to siphon resources from producers of products. The author emphasizes the nature of perfect competition of the mass of agricultural producers, to which the market economy should strive. The term “market hinterland” is introduced, which characterizes the current situation of agriculture, which is economically disadvantaged by its counterparties. This intersectoral imbalance is not eliminated and is not compensated by the state, since the subsidies allocated are not enough even to bring the wages of agricultural workers to the average size in the Russian economy. The conclusion is made about the weak state regulation of intersectoral relations, which should limit monopolies and oligopolies and create equal economic conditions for different industries and also about the need for a significant increase in state support for agriculture.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    D.A. Wardell; A. Tapsoba; P.N. Lovett; M. Zida; K. Rousseau; D. Gautier; M. Elias; T. Bama;
    Publisher: Commonwealth Forestry Association

    After Burkina Faso's independence, shea butter continues to be the key staple edible oil used by Burkinabe households although alternatives are now being placed in local markets. Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.) is primarily managed as a food tree crop for African consumers but has been promoted as a wild and abundant crop which gives African women cash and empowerment. New international demand for edible Cocoa Butter Equivalents (CBEs) from the 1960s onwards led to the introduction of several state-led efforts to regulate and control the shea trade through stabilization funds and parastatal marketing boards. These were abandoned after 1984, when cocoa prices collapsed and shea markets were liberalized. Increasingly since 2003, several leading Trans-National Corporations that manufacture CBEs are involved in sourcing shea kernels to meet the growing demands of the multi-billion-dollar confectionary and cosmetics industries. Burkina Faso and Ghana are two of the main exporting countries producing 60–75% of all international shea offtake. West, Central and East African women shea collectors and their associations have also managed, more recently, to meet the growing demand for 'hand-crafted' shea butter for the global personal care sector and new niches in the edible oil industry. Attempts to explain the radical transformation of shea supply chains in West Africa have focused on relatively recent events and actions detached from the broader historical context in which they are embedded. This paper adopts a broad periodization, stemming from the formulation of CBEs incorporating shea and palm stearin in the 1960s, and using a Global Production Network approach to understand the role and position of women shea producers and their associations at the intersection of global, regional, and local periodic markets. It challenges the assumption that global markets are necessarily a more viable alternative to reliance on local, domestic, or regional markets. The growth of global trade in shea kernels and shea butter has been accompanied by significant land cover and land use changes which has led to the progressive loss of trees, biodiversity, and other ecosystem services such as pollination and carbon sequestration. This presents new socio-economic challenges, including threats to local food and nutrition security, tenure rights and the livelihoods of local communities.

  • Russian
    Publisher: Башкирская академия государственной службы и управления при Главе Республики Башкортостан

    The article describes the essence of digital transformation in the modern world and its impact on the development of competencies in building a career. The key skills that are in demand in the context of digital transformation are considered. The main problems of developing the competencies of personnel and ways to solve them are identified. В статье описана сущность цифровой трансформации в современном мире и её влияние на развитие компетенций при построении карьеры. Рассмотрены ключевые навыки, востребованные в условиях цифровой трансформации. Выявлены основные проблемы развития компетенций кадрового состава и способы их решения. Экономика и управление: научно-практический журнал, Выпуск 3 (165) 2022

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Ovando; Matthias Speich;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Countries: Spain, Switzerland

    We developed an uneven-aged forest economic decision-making framework that combines: (i) a size-structured matrix model, based on growth and mortality predictions of a dynamic process-based forest landscape model, (ii) an optimal control model that determines the dynamics of control and state variables, which in turn are defined by tree harvesting and forest stock, respectively, and (iii) a water yield function that depends on changes in the leaf area index (LAI), the latter being affected by forest management. This framework was used to simulate the effects of economic-driven harvesting decisions on water yields on a catchment of South-Western Swiss Alps when both timber and water benefits are considered. Water benefits are estimated as environmental prices considering current water demands for drinking, irrigation and hydropower production. We simulated optimal harvesting decisions given the initial forest structure at each 200 m × 200 m grid cells, a set of restrictions to harvesting, and specific species survival, recruitment and growth probabilities, all of which are affected by the stand’s LAI. We applied this model using different harvesting restriction levels over a period of 20 to 40-years, and accounting for single and joint timber and water benefits. The results suggested that at the environmental prices estimated at the catchment area, water benefits have a slight influence on harvesting decisions, but when water is accounted for, harvesting decisions would include more tree species and different diameter classes, which, in principle, is expected to favor more diverse forest structures. Paola Ovando developed the model and the earlier stages of the paper while she was working at the Swiss Federal Institute for Aquatic Science and Technology (eawag). She acknowledges the additional financial support of the Macaulay Development Trust for finishing this work Peer reviewed

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ekaterina Shkarupa;
    Publisher: Volgograd State University

    The limited involvement of firms in financial markets and a rather low level of financial literacy and absence of high-quality use of financial services are currently recognized as a fundamental issue. Recent research confirms that economic prosperity, sustainable development and poverty reduction are determined by the increased availability and use of financial services. All these circumstances have led to the emergence of another long-term trend in the financial sector which we define the concept of financial inclusion. Modern vectors of financial system development (emergence of new financial instruments, spread of new business models in the financial market, artificial intelligence, development and implementation of digitalization strategy) trigger discussions on the essence and content of financial inclusion. The article provides an overview of its available interpretations, and it is concluded that the theoretical basis of the research has not been developed properly. The presented literature review of approaches to financial inclusion definition makes it possible to show its main attributes: financial products and services, characteristics, quality, channels, conditions for obtaining a basic set of financial services. The main conclusions of the author prove that the mentioned aspects are met by the existing and functioning financial and credit infrastructure in agriculture, but with the peculiarities connected with the specifics of the industry. The article attempts to study the possibilities of such an infrastructure from the perspective of financial inclusion. Some indicators characterizing the infrastructure for provision of financial services in the southern regions presented in the article confirm the potential and opportunities for the development of financial inclusion of agricultural producers. Additionally, the author substantiates the issue of physical availability of this infrastructure, since it is difficult to assess the financial inclusiveness of agricultural producers from the standpoint of its parameters due to the specifics of agricultural production and the influence of various factors on the activities of a particular firm. The following directions are identified as possible ones for the development of financial inclusion of agricultural producers: expansion of budget support, implementation of public private partnership projects, increase of financial literacy, development strategies, development of government programs and projects, and active use of digitalization opportunities.

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Xin Chen; Tiexi Chen; Yu Shu; Qingyun Yan; Qifei Han; Xueqiong Wei; Chaofan Li; Guojie Wang; Yong Xie;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)