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  • Rural Digital Europe
  • 2013-2022
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Joshua Friell; Chase M. Straw;

    AbstractSpatiotemporal data and analyses are gaining traction in the turfgrass industry as valuable tools to enable data‐driven management practices, but to date there has been minimal research in practical settings. The objective of this work was to quantify relationships between soil volumetric water content (VWC), proximal normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and several aerial measurements (visible, NDVI, and thermal infrared) collected in a real‐world application at field scale during a dry down. Data collection surveys were conducted in 2020 the morning of 25 Feb, afternoon of 25 Feb, and morning of 27 February on three golf course fairways in CA, USA. The first survey was initiated following an irrigation event, and then no additional irrigation or rainfall occurred prior to the second and third surveys. Ground‐based data were collected using the Precision Sense 6000™ (The Toro Company, Bloomington, MN) and aerial data were collected using an unmanned aerial vehicle (GreenSight Inc., Boston, MA). Data were appropriately georeferenced and analyzed to determine correlation between VWC and proximal NDVI, proximal and aerial NDVI, and VWC and aerial measurements. A significant, weak correlation (r = –0.21, p < .05) was found between VWC and proximal NDVI measurements, but only for the first survey immediately following the irrigation event. Significant, moderate to strong correlations were found between proximal and aerial NDVI during all three surveys (r = 0.63, p < .001; r = 0.64, p < .001; r = 0.85, p < .001), respectively]. Volumetric water content was significantly correlated with aerial NDVI measurements (r = –0.26, p < .001) but the relationship was weak and only existed for the first survey following the irrigation event. This study demonstrates the complexity of scaling remote sensing technologies from small plots to real‐world applications and identifies several barriers to providing quantitatively predictive and actionable data to turfgrass managers.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ itsrjarrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: David P. Clark; Nanette J. Pazdernik;

    Biotechnology involves the use of living organisms in industrial processes—particularly in agriculture, food processing, and medicine. Biotechnology has been around ever since humans began manipulating the natural environment to improve their food supply, housing, and health. Biotechnology is not limited to humankind. Beavers cut up trees to build homes. Elephants deliberately drink fermented fruit to get an alcohol buzz. People have been making wine, beer, cheese, and bread for centuries. For wine, the earliest evidence of wine production has been dated to c. 6000 BC. All these processes rely on microorganisms to modify the original ingredients. Ever since the beginning of human civilization, farmers have chosen higher yielding crops by trial and error, so that many modern crop plants have much larger fruit or seeds than their ancestors.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0...
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Leah, Kulp; Aleksandra, Sarcevic; Megan, Cheng; Yinan, Zheng; +1 Authors

    This mixed-methods study examines the effects of a tablet-based checklist system on team performance during a dynamic and safety-critical process of trauma resuscitation. We compared team performance from 47 resuscitations that used a paper checklist to that from 47 cases with a digital checklist to determine if digitizing a checklist led to improvements in task completion rates and in how fast the tasks were initiated for 18 most critical assessment and treatment tasks. We also compared if the checklist compliance increased with the digital design. We found that using the digital checklist led to more frequent completions of the initial airway assessment task but fewer completions of ear and lower extremities exams. We did not observe any significant differences in time to task performance, but found increased compliance with the checklist. Although improvements in team performance with the digital checklist were minor, our findings are important because they showed no adverse effects as a result of the digital checklist introduction. We conclude by discussing the takeaways and implications of these results for effective digitization of medical work.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://dl.acm.org/d...arrow_drop_down
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    https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10....
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2019
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1145/329060...
    Conference object . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://dl.acm.org/d...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10....
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2019
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1145/329060...
      Conference object . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Jungmin Choi; Hyungjik Oh; Chandeok Park; Sang Young Park;
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kritika Kothari; Srinivasulu Ale; James P. Bordovsky; Dana O. Porter; +2 Authors

    Abstract Adaptation measures are required to enhance climate change resilience of agricultural systems and reduce risks associated with climate change at both regional and global scales. The Texas High Plains is a semi-arid region that faces major challenges from climate change risks and dwindling groundwater supply from the exhaustible Ogallala Aquifer for sustaining irrigated agriculture. The overall goal of this study was to assess the impacts of climate change on yield and water use of grain sorghum and identify optimum climate change adaptation strategies for three study sites in the Texas High Plains. Future climate data projected by nine Global Circulation Models (GCMs) under two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) of greenhouse gas emissions (RCPs 4.5 and 8.5) were used as input for the DSSAT CSM-CERES-Sorghum model. The climate change adaptation strategies were designed by modifying crop genotype parameters to incorporate drought tolerance, heat tolerance, high yield potential, and long maturity traits. Irrigated and dryland grain sorghum yield and irrigation water use were projected to decrease at varying percentages at the study sites in the future. On an average (of 9 GCMs), irrigated grain sorghum yield is expected to decrease by 5–13 % and 16–27 % by mid-century (2036–2065) and late-century (2066–2095), respectively under RCP 8.5 compared to the baseline (1976–2005). The irrigation water use is expected to decrease by 7–9% and 14–16 % by the mid-century and late-century, respectively. Among the adaptation strategies, an ideotype with high yield potential trait (10 % higher partitioning to the panicle, radiation use efficiency, and relative leaf size than the reference cultivar) resulted in maximum grain sorghum yield gains in the future under both irrigated (6.9 %–17.1 %) and dryland (7.5 %–17.1 %) conditions, when compared to the reference cultivar. Enhancing drought tolerance by increasing root density at different soil depths also resulted in a significantly higher irrigated grain sorghum yield than the reference cultivar. A longer maturity cultivar will likely increase irrigation water use and, therefore, is not recommended for water limited conditions.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ European Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    European Journal of Agronomy
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ European Journal of ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      European Journal of Agronomy
      Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Raju Pokharel; Gregory S. Latta;

    Abstract Large-scale silvicultural programs designed to alter forest characteristics to accomplish either financial or ecological goals often involve the extraction of significant volumes. The operational costs, and thus extend over which these programs can be applied, depend in large part on supply chain considerations and the degree to which removals can be merchandized. Forestry supply chain considerations include the spatial allocation of forest products processing facilities, the array of primary forest commodities they consume, and the transportation infrastructure. This study conducts a network analysis utilizing the location of 2543 primary forest product producers in the contiguous United States along with a national road dataset to evaluate hotspots where a better opportunity to merchandise forest products enables flexibility in forest management, and coldspots where alternatives are limited. This study establishes service areas of processing facilities for sawlogs, pulpwood, and biomass at varying haul-times and two scenarios as a function of transportation costs and constructs a Cumulative Merchantability Index (CMI) by summing the Merchantability Index values defining the current market extent. In the Short Haul scenario, 26% (61.71 million hectares) and the Long Haul scenario, 9% (21.32 million hectares) of the forests have low merchantability for all three commodities. Only 3% of forests in Short Haul and 20% forests in the Long Haul scenario have an opportunity to market all three forest commodities. Results are helpful in prioritizing differing management objectives by evaluating the potential cost saving afforded by selling forest commodities.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Forest Policy and Ec...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Forest Policy and Economics
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Forest Policy and Ec...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Forest Policy and Economics
      Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Rea; Xi Mou; John D. Bullough;

    It is important to be able to engineer the brightness of interior spaces. In addition to the amount of light delivered to and reflected from surfaces in the space, light spectrum influences apparent scene brightness. Specifically, spaces illuminated by ‘cool white’ sources will look brighter than those illuminated by ‘warm white’ sources for the same photopic light levels. A scale model residential space was used to obtain judgements of scene brightness where light levels, surface reflectances and light source correlated colour temperatures were parametrically varied. Subjective and radiometric data were used to extend a provisional model of scene brightness, which is intended to be useful for predicting scene brightness of interior spaces illuminated to different levels by ‘white’ light sources of different correlated colour temperatures.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Lighting Research & ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Lighting Research & Technology
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Lighting Research & ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Lighting Research & Technology
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Caley K. Gasch; David J. Brown; Erin S. Brooks; Matt A. Yourek; +3 Authors

    Individual laboratory calibration of many soil water content sensors is unpractical.We applied sensor-specific calibrations based on soil properties at insertion sites.This method is a retroactive approach for acquired sensor data.Produced accurate sensor values in a network installed across diverse soil profiles. Soil moisture sensors are increasingly deployed in sensor networks for both agronomic research and precision agriculture. Soil-specific calibration improves the accuracy of soil water content sensors, but laboratory calibration of individual sensors is not practical for networks installed across heterogeneous settings. Using daily water content readings collected from a sensor network (42 locations5 depths=210 sensors) installed at the Cook Agronomy Farm (CAF) near Pullman, Washington, we developed an automated calibration approach that can be applied to individual sensors after installation. As a first step, we converted sensor-based estimates of apparent dielectric permittivity to volumetric water content using three different calibration equations (Topp equation, CAF laboratory calibration, and the complex refractive index model, or CRIM). In a second, re-calibration step, we used two pedotransfer functions based upon particle size fractions and/or bulk density to estimate water content at wilting point, field capacity, and saturation at each sensor insertion point. Using an automated routine, we extracted the same three reference points, when present, from each sensors record, and then bias-corrected and re-scaled the sensor data to match the estimated reference points. Based on validation with field-collected cores, the Topp equation provided the most accurate calibration with an RMSE of 0.074m3m3, but automated re-calibration with a local pedotransfer function outperformed any of the calibrations alone, yielding a network-wide RMSE of 0.055m3m3. The initial calibration equation used in the first step was irrelevant when the re-calibration was applied. After correcting for the reference core measurement error of 0.026m3m3 used for calibration and validation, the error of the sensors alone (RMSEadj) was computed as 0.049m3m3. Sixty-five percent of individual sensors exhibited re-calibration errors less than or equal to the network RMSEadj. The incorporation of soil physical information at sensor installation sites, applied retroactively via an automated routine to in situ soil water content sensors, substantially improved network sensor accuracy.

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    Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
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    Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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      Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
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      Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Bosilj, Petra; Duckett, Tom; Cielniak, Grzegorz;

    Discriminating value crops from weeds is an important task in precision agriculture. In this paper, we propose a novel image processing pipeline based on attribute morphology for both the segmentation and classification tasks. The commonly used approaches for vegetation segmentation often rely on thresholding techniques which reach their decisions globally. By contrast, the proposed method works with connected components obtained by image threshold decomposition, which are naturally nested in a hierarchical structure called the max-tree, and various attributes calculated from these regions. Image segmentation is performed by attribute filtering, preserving or discarding the regions based on their attribute value and allowing for the decision to be reached locally. This segmentation method naturally selects a collection of foreground regions rather than pixels, and the same data structure used for segmentation can be further reused to provide the features for classification, which is realised in our experiments by a support vector machine (SVM). We apply our methods to normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) images, and demonstrate the performance of the pipeline on a dataset collected by the authors in an onion field, as well as a publicly available dataset for sugar beets. The results show that the proposed segmentation approach can segment the fine details of plant regions locally, in contrast to the state-of-the-art thresholding methods, while providing discriminative features which enable efficient and competitive classification rates for crop/weed discrimination. Highlights • Segmentation and classification pipeline fully relying on attribute morphology. • Strong locality of the approach avoids resulting foreground noise. • Segmentation outputs regions directly, avoiding the component labelling step. • Max-tree structure enables feature calculation during segmentation. • Competitive classification of plant regions into crop/weed for varying plant types.

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    Computers in Industry
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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      Computers in Industry
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Abdel Mawgoud Mohammed; R.V. Krishnamurthy; Alan E. Kehew; Laura J. Crossey; +1 Authors

    Abstract The monitoring of stable isotopes (δ 18 O and δ 2 H) in water can provide a sensitive indicator of water loss by evaporation. We obtained water samples from surface water and groundwater from both the young and old alluvial plains in the central part of the Nile Valley of Egypt. Groundwater is the only source for irrigation in the old alluvial plains while both surface water (River Nile and irrigation canals) and groundwater are used in the young alluvial plain. Results showed different isotopic compositions between each group of samples and hydrologic connections between shallow groundwater and surface water in the young alluvial plain. The δ 18 O and δ 2 H relationship of the samples collected from the desert areas of the old alluvial plains below agricultural lands define an evaporation line with a slope of 4.5 and low deuterium excess of

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    The Science of The Total Environment
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      The Science of The Total Environment
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Joshua Friell; Chase M. Straw;

    AbstractSpatiotemporal data and analyses are gaining traction in the turfgrass industry as valuable tools to enable data‐driven management practices, but to date there has been minimal research in practical settings. The objective of this work was to quantify relationships between soil volumetric water content (VWC), proximal normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and several aerial measurements (visible, NDVI, and thermal infrared) collected in a real‐world application at field scale during a dry down. Data collection surveys were conducted in 2020 the morning of 25 Feb, afternoon of 25 Feb, and morning of 27 February on three golf course fairways in CA, USA. The first survey was initiated following an irrigation event, and then no additional irrigation or rainfall occurred prior to the second and third surveys. Ground‐based data were collected using the Precision Sense 6000™ (The Toro Company, Bloomington, MN) and aerial data were collected using an unmanned aerial vehicle (GreenSight Inc., Boston, MA). Data were appropriately georeferenced and analyzed to determine correlation between VWC and proximal NDVI, proximal and aerial NDVI, and VWC and aerial measurements. A significant, weak correlation (r = –0.21, p < .05) was found between VWC and proximal NDVI measurements, but only for the first survey immediately following the irrigation event. Significant, moderate to strong correlations were found between proximal and aerial NDVI during all three surveys (r = 0.63, p < .001; r = 0.64, p < .001; r = 0.85, p < .001), respectively]. Volumetric water content was significantly correlated with aerial NDVI measurements (r = –0.26, p < .001) but the relationship was weak and only existed for the first survey following the irrigation event. This study demonstrates the complexity of scaling remote sensing technologies from small plots to real‐world applications and identifies several barriers to providing quantitatively predictive and actionable data to turfgrass managers.

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    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: David P. Clark; Nanette J. Pazdernik;

    Biotechnology involves the use of living organisms in industrial processes—particularly in agriculture, food processing, and medicine. Biotechnology has been around ever since humans began manipulating the natural environment to improve their food supply, housing, and health. Biotechnology is not limited to humankind. Beavers cut up trees to build homes. Elephants deliberately drink fermented fruit to get an alcohol buzz. People have been making wine, beer, cheese, and bread for centuries. For wine, the earliest evidence of wine production has been dated to c. 6000 BC. All these processes rely on microorganisms to modify the original ingredients. Ever since the beginning of human civilization, farmers have chosen higher yielding crops by trial and error, so that many modern crop plants have much larger fruit or seeds than their ancestors.

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    https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0...
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    Authors: Leah, Kulp; Aleksandra, Sarcevic; Megan, Cheng; Yinan, Zheng; +1 Authors

    This mixed-methods study examines the effects of a tablet-based checklist system on team performance during a dynamic and safety-critical process of trauma resuscitation. We compared team performance from 47 resuscitations that used a paper checklist to that from 47 cases with a digital checklist to determine if digitizing a checklist led to improvements in task completion rates and in how fast the tasks were initiated for 18 most critical assessment and treatment tasks. We also compared if the checklist compliance increased with the digital design. We found that using the digital checklist led to more frequent completions of the initial airway assessment task but fewer completions of ear and lower extremities exams. We did not observe any significant differences in time to task performance, but found increased compliance with the checklist. Although improvements in team performance with the digital checklist were minor, our findings are important because they showed no adverse effects as a result of the digital checklist introduction. We conclude by discussing the takeaways and implications of these results for effective digitization of medical work.

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    https://doi.org/10.1145/329060...
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  • Authors: Jungmin Choi; Hyungjik Oh; Chandeok Park; Sang Young Park;
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